By Edward Strachey
Of The East India Company’s Bengal Civil Service
Published by Black, Parry and Co., Leadenhall Street, London – 1813
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Bhaskara (1114 – 1185),also known as Bhaskara II and Bhaskara Achārya (“Bhaskara the teacher”)) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born near Bijjada Bida (in present day Bijapur district, Karnataka state, South India) into the Deshastha Brahmin family. Bhaskara was head of an astronomical observatory at Ujjain, the leading mathematical centre of ancient India. His predecessors in this post had included both the noted Indian mathematician Brahmagupta (598–c. 665) and Varahamihira. He lived in the Sahyadri region.
Bhaskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. His main works were the Lilavati (dealing with arithmetic), Bijaganita (Algebra) and Siddhanta…
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