Mindboggling cultural relations between Ancient Sanatan and Egyptian civilization


Mindbogglingcultural relations between AncientEgyptiancivilization andHinduSanatanaDarmaIndia~ Digging deep into holy books we found amazing facts and similarities

From Australian continent to American day by day more evidence and proof been unearthed by different archeological agencies all around the world that proves connection between ancient world and Bharat that is known as India now.

Our Sanatan Dharma ancestors started migration to the new found land mass from the beginning of the ice age carried their cultural values and settled mostly on river banks which is a vital source of food.

Some of our Bharat kingdoms went in search of metals minerals like Gold silver copper zinc etc and other commodities to fuel our growth. Ancients sites are now found in Australia, Peru, Egypt, Mexico etc are connected with famous Sanatan dharma but the west cleverly disguised them as alien.

All these new civilizations of today…

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Lakulisha : An Important Chapter of Bhartiya History

#Lakulisha : An Important Chapter of Bhartiya History
Vyaas Rshi is one of the center point of bhartiya civilization and especially for the history. There are conflicting claims floating on internet regarding the birth of the great Rshi Vyas. Kurma Puran, Ling Puran and few others gives 28 birth of Vyaas in seventh Manavantar and similarly 28 birth of Rudra as Rshi. As per Ling Puran, every chaturyuga has 4 Shisyas of both Vyaas and Rudra born in start and end of #Dwapar respectively. Vyaas and his four shisyas work was to propagate and teach four vedas and Rudra avataar and his shishyas work was to keep balance of earth/shrishti by teaching of Pashupat dharm. The influence of Pashupat Dharm can be seen in world’s oldest #Sindhu Civilization’s seal which was #Pashupati. The influence could also be seen in Rongorongo by comparing similarities between the Indus and Rapa Nui writing systems and their seals plus with Inga Stone of Brazil. 
The description of both avatar goes as follows:

1st Dwapar Vyaas was Manu or Shiv and Rudra avatar was Swet Muni

2nd Vyaas name was Satya and Rudra avatar was Sutaar

3rd Vyaas name was Usna/Bhargava/Sukrachry and Rudra avatar was Daman

4th Vyas name was Angira or Brishpti and Rudra avatar was Suhotra

5th Vyaas name was Savita and Rudra avatar was Kanak

6th Vyaas name was Mrtyu (yam) and Rudra avatar was Laugakshi

7th Vyaas name was Indra named Satritu and Rudra avatar was Vibhu Rshi

8th Vyaas name was Vashistha and Rudra avatar was Dadhivahan
Similarly others are mentioned in the pic. The 28th was #Dwaipayan and 28th avatar of Rudra was #Lakuli famous as Yogaatma #Lakulish. Lakulish is famous as promoter of #Pashupat Dharma after 28th Dwapar. Yogi Lakulish is mentioned in Linga puran as 28th avatar of Shiv/Rudra in end of 28th Dwapar and promoter of yog system. The Linga puran mentions four sons of Yogi Lakuli viz Garga, Kaurushya, Mitra and Kushika. Origin and history of Lakulish (Shiva with a wooden stick) traverse back to Gujarat region of current India. 
#Jageshwar was once the center of Lakulish Shaivism. There is no definite dating of the construction of Jageshwar group of temples. The temples were renovated during the reign of Katyuri King Shalivahandev. There is an inscription of Malla Kings in the main temple indicating their devotion to Jageshwar. The Katyuri Kings also donated villages to the temple priests for its maintenance. The Chand Kings of Kumaon were also patrons of the Jageshwar temple. Numerous Jageshwar temples were constructed or restored during the Gurjara Pratihara era. See the Pic. Lakulisha among his four disciples Kusika, Garga, Mitra, and Kaurushya, rock-cut stone relief, Cave Temple No. 2 at Badami, Karnataka. The principal text of the Pashupata sect, the Pāśupata Sūtra is attributed to Lakulisha. The manuscripts of this text and a commentary of it, the Pañcārtha Bhāṣya by Kaundinya were discovered in 1930. The account matches those narrated in the various historical references in Puranas where Lakulisha incarnates as 28th Avatar. 
The four disciples of Dwaipayan made famous the teachings of Vedas. Paail (Rgved), Vaispaayan (Yajur), Sumantu (Athrva), Jaimini (Sam) and Suta Muni the historical parts likes puranas. #Kusika, #Garga, #Mitra, and #Kaurushya are described as sons of Yogi Lakuli in Ling Puran all will spend their life teaching yogic activities, living in sync with nature, protecting animals and worshipping shivling. The teachings of Pashupati did made huge impact of Bhartiya civilization where an example could be seen as #PashupatiSeal of Sindhu Saraswati Civilization. The world oldest civilization could be pretty much seen as result of hard work based on yama-niyama done by Yogi Lakulisha and his sons. Yogi Lakulisha is believed to be born in land of #Gujarat. The site of #Kayavarohana is related to Lakulisha.


#Rajarani Temple, #Lingraj Temple and many ancient temples of #Bhubneshwar is dedicated to Yogi Lakulisha. When H. Tsiang visited #Varanasi he wrote Pashupatas as major followers which is true till date. He also wrote more than 100 temples were dedicated to Shiva. Varanasi is called as world’s only ancient city inhabited continuously. Lakulisha as Siva is often enshrined, his image on the face of a Sivalinga, seated in lotus posture, virilely naked, holding a danda in his left hand and a citron fruit in his right. One of the most ancient temple “Somnath” which has faced many cycles of destruction from Islamic invaders is one of the most revered temple. Pashupatinath Temple of Nepal is also one of the ancient temple dedicated to Pashupati Dharm.


About Yogi Lakulisha 

Yogi Lakulish was said to be born to a brahmin couple named Vishvarup and Sudarshana in Kayavarohan, Gujarat during end of Dwapar. This means that he must have lived not before 4000 BC. There ancestral line went back to the great ancient sage, Atri. Lakulish was born on the fourteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the Indian month of Chaitra after midnight. A sage named Atri took same task at the end of 12th Dwapar when Vyaas was Rshi Shattej. Tracing Yogi Lakulish and his son cum shishyas can solve many mysteries of our Bhartiya Civilizations. 

It is said in all the Agamas and Tantras, that a MukhaLinga should he made on the Pujabhaga of the Sarvasama-Linga and that it might have one, two, three, four or five faces corresponding to the five aspects viz, Vaaiadeva, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Sadyojata and Ishana, of Shiva. In 1940, archaeologist M.S. Vats discovered three Shiva Lingas at Harappa, dating more than 5,000 years old. It is known to us that Shiva was seated facing south when he taught the rishis and devotees Yoga and Jnana, includes science and arts because of this, such forms of Shiva are known as #DAKSHINAMURTI. An image representing this form of Shiva is found in the left window of the Lakulish temple, adjoining to the Main Shrine in Eklingji. The Shiva Purana, has laid down that the image of Lakulisha should carry Bijora In his right hand Staff in the left one. The Vishvakarma Vastusastra also confirms this description. The images found in old Kayavarohan Tirth, Gujarat, satisfys this description. The same type of image is found in the Papkantakeshvar temple, Achalgarh, Rajasthan, Kalika temple (Chittor Fort) wherein the deity holds a Bijora in his right hand and a staff in the left one. Lakulisha in Samgameshwara temple built under patronage of early Chalukyas. In Haryana’s Morni and Tikkar Tal Lakulisha images were excavated and can be found in Government Musem and Art Gallery, Chandigarh. The remains and fort of Morni Lake suggests a big civilization once propagated there. There is mention of Pasupatacharya named #Udita who was student of #Upamita who was student of #Kapila who belonged to Chandragupta period. The earliest images of Lakulisa from Mathura datable to 5th -6th CE show him seated with two arms can be seen in State Museum, Lucknow. 
Lakulisha and Kusika.

Lakulisha among his four disciples Kusika, Garga, Mitra, and Kaurushya; #Kushika is believed to be first disciple finds mention in Pasupata Sutra (PS) and Pancarthabhasya (Pbh). Both these texts talk about his getting directly initiated by Lakulisa in Ujjain. The Udaipur Inscription of Naravahana refers to Kusika and records that ascetics who besmear their bodies with ashes and wear barks and have matted hair, appeared in his line. The dynastic patronage to early Lakulisa-Pasupatas can be seen clearly at cave temples of #Jogesvari, #Elephanta, #Manddapesvar and later at #Ellora. In medieval South India, there was an influential sect called the #Kalamukhas some believe that Kalamukha sect was derived from, or was another name for, the Lakulisha-Pashupatas. According to some sources, Basavadeva, the reformer of Vira Shaivism, was initiated by a Kalamukha ascetic. Lakulisha and his Shishyas are very important historical figure which needs a good research for better understanding of Sapta Sidhu Civilizations and history of Pashupat history in this kaliyuga. 


Notes and References

[1] Rudra Puran, Shiv Puran


[3] http://www.hillsofmorni.com/history-of-morni/glimpses-of-history-excavations-at-morni-ka-tal/ 


[5] Huntington Susan, ‘Art of AncientIndia ‘p. 75

[6] Spink Walter, ‘Ajanta to Ellora ‘1967

[7] http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=13273

[8] http://www.ancient-wisdom.com/easterislandindusvalley1.htm

Queen Padmavati- real history in Hindi 

रानी पद्मावती का रोचक इतिहास व कहानी | Rani Padmavati रानी पद्मिनी / रानी पद्मावती का इतिहास व कहानी 


Rani Padmavati History in Hindi
भारतीय इतिहास के पन्नों में अत्यंत सुंदर और साहसी रानी; रानी पद्मावती का उल्लेख है। रानी पद्मावती को रानी पद्मिनी के नाम से भी जाना जाता है। रानी पद्मावती के पिता सिंघल प्रांत (श्रीलंका) के राजा थे। उनका नाम गंधर्वसेन था। और उनकी माता का नाम चंपावती था। पद्मावती बाल्य काल से ही दिखने में अत्यंत सुंदर और आकर्षक थीं। उनके माता-पिता नें उन्हे बड़े लाड़-प्यार से बड़ा किया था। कहा जाता है बचपन में पद्मावती के पास एक बोलता तोता था जिसका नाम हीरामणि रखा गया था।
रानी पद्मावती का स्वयंवर

महाराज गंधर्वसेन नें अपनी पुत्री पद्मावती के विवाह के लिए उनका स्वयंवर रचाया था जिस में भाग लेने के लिए भारत के अगल अलग हिन्दू राज्यों के राजा-महाराजा आए थे। गंधर्वसेन के राज दरबार में लगी राजा-महाराजाओं की भीड़ में एक छोटे से राज्य का पराक्रमी राजा मल्खान सिंह भी आया था। उसी स्वयंवर में विवाहित राजा रावल रत्न सिंह भी मौजूद थे। उन्होनें मल्खान सिंह को स्वयंवर में परास्त कर के रानी पद्मिनी पर अपना अधिकार सिद्ध किया और उनसे धाम-धूम से विवाह रचा लिया। इस तरह राजा रावल रत्न सिंह अपनी दूसरी पत्नी रानी पद्मावती को स्वयंवर में जीत कर अपनी राजधानी चित्तौड़ वापस लौट गये।

चित्तौड़ राज्य

प्रजा प्रेमी और न्याय पालक राजा रावल रत्न सिंह चित्तौड़ राज्य को बड़े कुशल तरीके से चला रहे थे। उनके शासन में वहाँ की प्रजा हर तरह से सुखी समपन्न थीं। राजा रावल रत्न सिंह रण कौशल और राजनीति में निपुण थे। उनका भव्य दरबार एक से बढ़कर एक महावीर योद्धाओं से भरा हुआ था। चित्तौड़ की सैन्य शक्ति और युद्ध कला दूर-दूर तक मशहूर थी।
ये भी पढ़ें: खूब लड़ी मर्दानी वो तो झांसी वाली रानी थी

चित्तौड़ का प्रवीण संगीतकार राघव चेतन

चित्तौड़ राज्य में राघव चेतन नाम का संगीतकार बहुत प्रसिद्ध था। महाराज रावल रत्न सिंह उन्हे बहुत मानते थे इसीलिये राज दरबार में राघव चेतन को विशेष स्थान दिया गया था। चित्तौड़ प्रजा और वहाँ के महाराज को उन दिनों यह बात मालूम नहीं थी की राघव चेतन संगीत कला के अतिरिक्त जादू-टोना भी जनता था। ऐसा कहा जाता है की राघव चेतन अपनी इस आसुरी प्रतिभा का उपयोग शत्रु को परास्त करने और अपने कार्य सिद्ध करने में करता था। एक दिन राघव चेतन जब अपना कोई तांत्रिक कार्य कर रहा था तब उसे रंगे हाथों पकड़ लिया गया और राजदरबार में राजा रावल रत्न सिंह के समक्ष पेश कर दिया गया। सभी साक्ष्य और फरियादी पक्ष की दलील सुन कर महाराज नें चेतन राघव को दोषी पाया और तुरंत उसका मुंह काला करा कर गधे पर बैठा कर देश निकाला दे दिया।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी से मिला राघव चेतन

अपने अपमान और राज्य से निर्वासित किये जाने पर राघव चेतन बदला लेने पर आमादा हो गया। अब उसके जीवन का एक ही लक्ष्य रहे गया था और वह था चित्तौड़ के महाराज रावल रत्न सिंह का सम्पूर्ण विनाश। अपने इसी उद्देश के साथ वह दिल्ली राज्य चला गया। वहां जाने का उसका मकसद दिल्ली के बादशाह अलाउद्दीन खिलजी को उकसा कर चित्तौड़ पर आक्रमण करवा कर अपना प्रतिशोध पूरा करने का था।
12वीं और 13वीं सदी में दिल्ली की गद्दी पर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी का राज था। उन दिनों दिल्ली के बादशाह से मिलना इतना आसान कार्य नहीं था। इसीलिए राघव चेतन दिल्ली के पास स्थित एक जंगल में अपना डेरा डाल कर रहने लगता है क्योंकि वह जानता था कि दिल्ली का बादशाह अलाउद्दीन खिलजी शिकार का शौक़ीन है और वहाँ पर उसकी भेंट ज़रूर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी से हो जाएगी। कुछ दिन इंतज़ार करने के बाद आखिर उसे सब्र का फल मिल जाता है।

एक दिन अलाउद्दीन खिलजी अपने खास सुरक्षा कर्मी लड़ाकू दस्ते के साथ घने जंगल में शिकार खेलने पहुँचता है। मौका पा कर ठीक उसी वक्त राघव चेतन अपनी बांसुरी बजाना शुरू करता है। कुछ ही देर में बांसुरी के सुर बादशाह अलाउद्दीन खिलजी और उसके दस्ते के सिपाहियों के कानों में पड़ते हैं। अलाउद्दीन खिलजी फ़ौरन राघव चेतन को अपने पास बुला लेता है राज दरबार में आ कर अपना हुनर प्रदर्शित करने का प्रस्ताव देता है। तभी चालाक राघव चेतन अलाउद्दीन खिलजी से कहता है-
आप मुझ जैसे साधारण कलकार को अपनें राज्य दरबार की शोभा बना कर क्या पाएंगे, अगर हासिल ही करना है तो अन्य समपन्न राज्यों की ओर नज़र दौड़ाइये जहां एक से बढ़ कर एक बेशकीमती नगीने मौजूद हैं और उन्हे जीतना और हासिल करना भी सहज है।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी तुरंत राघव चेतन को पहेलिया बुझानें की बजाए साफ-साफ अपनी बात बताने को कहता हैं। तब राघव चेतन चित्तौड़ राज्य की सैन्य शक्ति, चित्तौड़ गढ़ की सुरक्षा और वहाँ की सम्पदा से जुड़ा एक-एक राज़ खोल देता है और राजा रावल रत्न सिंह की धर्म पत्नी रानी पद्मावती के अद्भुत सौन्दर्य का बखान भी कर देता है। यह सब बातें जान कर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी चित्तौड़ राज्य पर आक्रमण कर के वहाँ की सम्पदा लूटने, वहाँ कब्ज़ा करने और परम तेजस्वी रूप रूप की अंबार रानी पद्मावती को हासिल करने का मन बना लेता है।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की चित्तौड़ राज्य पर आक्रमण की योजना

Rani Padmavati Biography in Hindi
राघव चेतन की बातें सुन कर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें कुछ ही दिनों में चित्तौड़ राज्य पर आक्रमण करने का मन बना लिया और अपनी एक विशाल सेना चित्तौड़ राज्य की और रवाना कर दी। अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की सेना चित्तौड़ तक पहुँच तो गयी पर चित्तौड़ के किले की अभेद्य सुरक्षा देख कर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की पूरी सेना स्तब्ध हो गयी। उन्होने वहीं किले के आस पास अपने पड़ाव डाल लिए और चित्तौड़ राज्य के किले की सुरक्षा भेदने का उपाय ढूँढने लगे।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें राजा रावल रत्न सिंह को भेजा कपट संदेश

जब से राजा रावल रत्न सिंह नें रूप सुंदरी रानी पद्मावती को स्वयमर में जीता था तभी से पद्मावती अपनी सुंदरता के लिये दूर-दूर तक चर्चा का विषय बनी हुई थी। इस बात का फायदा उठाते हुए कपटी अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें चित्तौड़ किले के अंदर राजा रावल रत्न सिंह के पास एक संदेश भिजवाया कि वह रानी पद्मावती की सुंदरता का बखान सुन कर उनके दीदार के लिये दिल्ली से यहाँ तक आये हैं और अब एक बार रूप सुंदरी रानी पद्मावती को दूर से देखने का अवसर चाहते हैं।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें यहाँ तक कहा की वह रानी पद्मावती को अपनी बहन समान मानते हैं और वह सिर्फ उसे दूर से एक नज़र देखने की ही तमन्ना रखते हैं।
चित्तौड़ के महाराज रावल रत्न सिंह का अलाउद्दीन खिलजी को जवाब

अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की इस अजीब मांग को राजपूत मर्यादा के विरुद्ध बता कर राजा रावल रत्न सिंह नें ठुकरा दिया। पर फिर भी अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें रानी पद्मावती को बहन समान बताया था इसलिये उस समय एक रास्ता निकाला गया। पर्दे के पीछे रानी पद्मावती सीढ़ियों के पास से गुज़रेंगी और सामने एक विशाल काय शीशा रखा जाएगा जिसमें रानी पद्मावती का प्रतिबिंम अलाउद्दीन खिलजी देख सकते हैं। इस तरह राजपूतना मर्यादा भी भंग ना होगी और अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की बात भी रह जायेगी।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें दिया धोखा

शर्त अनुसार चित्तौड़ के महाराज ने अलाउद्दीन खिलजी को आईने में रानी पद्मावती का प्रतिबिंब दिखला दिया और फिर अलाउद्दीन खिलजी को खिला-पिला कर पूरी महेमान नवाज़ी के साथ चित्तौड़ किले के सातों दरवाज़े पार करा कर उनकी सेना के पास छोड़ने खुद गये। इसी अवसर का लाभ ले कर कपटी अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें राजा रावल रत्न सिंह को बंदी बना लिया और किले के बाहर अपनी छावनी में कैद कर दिया।
 इसके बाद संदेश भिजवा दिया गया कि –
अगर महाराज रावल रत्न सिंह को जीवित देखना है तो रानी पद्मावती को फौरन अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की खिदमद में किले के बाहर भेज दिया जाये।
रानी पद्मावती, चौहान राजपूत सेनापति गौरा और बादल की युक्ति

चित्तौड़ राज्य के महाराज को अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की गिरफ्त से सकुशल मुक्त कराने के लिये रानी पद्मावती, गौरा और बादल नें मिल कर एक योजना बनाई। इस योजना के तहत किले के बाहर मौजूद अलाउद्दीन खिलजी तक यह पैगाम भेजना था की रानी पद्मावती समर्पण करने के लिये तैयार है और पालकी में बैठ कर किले के बाहर आने को राज़ी है। और फिर पालकी में रानी पद्मावती और उनकी सैकड़ों दासीयों की जगह नारी भेष में लड़ाके योद्धा भेज कर बाहर मौजूद दिल्ली की सेना पर आक्रमण कर दिया जाए और इसी अफरातफरी में राजा रावल रत्न सिंह को अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की कैद से मुक्त करा लिया जाये।

रानी पद्मावती के इंतज़ार में बावरा हुआ अलाउद्दीन खिलजी

कहा जाता है की वासना और लालच इन्सान की बुद्धि हर लेती है। अलाउद्दीन खिलजी के साथ भी ऐसा ही हुआ। जब चित्तौड़ किले के दरवाज़े एक के बाद एक खुले तब अंदर से एक की जगह सैकड़ों पालकियाँ बाहर आने लगी। जब यह पूछा गया की इतनी सारी पालकियाँ क्यूँ साथ हैं तब अलाउद्दीन खिलजी को यह उत्तर दिया गया की यह सब रानी पद्मावती की खास दासीयों का काफिला है जो हमेशा उनके साथ जाता है।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी रानी पद्मावती पर इतना मोहित था की उसने इस बात की पड़ताल करना भी ज़रूरी नहीं समझा की सभी पालकियों को रुकवा कर यह देखे कि उनमें वाकई में दासियाँ ही है। और इस तरह चित्तौड़ का एक पूरा लड़ाकू दस्ता नारी भेष में किले के बाहर आ पहुंचा। कुछ ही देर में अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें रानी पद्मावती की पालकी अलग करवा दी और परदा हटा कर उनका दीदार करना चाहा। तो उसमें से राजपूत सेनापति गौरा निकले और उन्होने आक्रमण कर दिया। उसी वक्त चित्तौड़ सिपाहीयों नें भी हमला कर दिया और वहाँ मची अफरातफरी में बादल नें राजा रावल रत्न सिंह को बंधन मुक्त करा लिया और उन्हे अलाउद्दीन खिलजी के अस्तबल से चुराये हुए घोड़े पर बैठा कर सुरक्षित चित्तौड़ किले के अंदर पहुंचा दिया। इस लड़ाई मे राजपूत सेनापति गौरा और पालकी के संग बाहर आये सभी योद्धा शहीद हो गये।
अलाउद्दीन खिलजी का आक्रमण

अपनी युक्ति नाकाम हो जाने की वजह से बादशाह अलाउद्दीन खिलजी झल्ला उठा उसनें उसी वक्त चित्तौड़ किले पर आक्रमण कर दिया पर वे उस अभेद्य किले में दाखिल नहीं हो सके। तब उन्होने किले में खाद्य और अन्य ज़रूरी चीजों के खत्म होने तक इंतज़ार करने का फैसला लिया। कुछ दिनों में किले के अंदर खाद्य आपूर्ति समाप्त हो गयी और वहाँ के निवासी किले की सुरक्षा से बाहर आ कर लड़ मरने को मजबूर हो गये। अंत में रावल रत्न सिंह नें द्वार खोल कर आर- पार की लड़ाई लड़ने का फैसला कर लिया और किले के दरवाज़े खोल दिये। किले की घेराबंदी कर के राह देख रहे मौका परस्त अलाउद्दीन खिलजी ने और उसकी सेना नें दरवाज़ा खुलते ही तुरंत आक्रमण कर दिया।
इस भीषण युद्ध में पराक्रमी राजा रावल रत्न सिंह वीर गति हो प्राप्त हुए और उनकी पूरी सेना भी हार गयी। अलाउद्दीन खिलजी नें एक-एक कर के सभी राजपूत योद्धाओं को मार दिया और किले के अंदर घुसने की तैयारी कर ली।
चित्तौड़ की महारानी पद्मावती और नगर की सभी महिलाओं नें लिया जौहर करने का फैसला

Rani Padmavati Story in Hindi
युद्ध में राजा रावल रत्न सिंह के मारे जाने और चित्तौड़ सेना के समाप्त हो जाने की सूचना पाने के बाद रानी पद्मावती जान चुकी थी कि अब अलाउद्दीन खिलजी की सेना किले में दाखिल होते ही चित्तौड़ के आम नागरिक पुरुषों और बच्चों को मौत के घाट उतार देगी और औरतों को गुलाम बना कर उन पर अत्याचार करेगी। इसलिये राजपूतना रीति अनुसार वहाँ की सभी महिलाओं नें जौहर करने का फैसला लिया।
जौहर की रीति निभाने के लिए नगर के बीच एक बड़ा सा अग्नि कुंड बनाया गया और रानी पद्मावती और अन्य महिलाओं ने एक के बाद एक महिलायेँ उस धधकती चिता में कूद कर अपने प्राणों की बलि दे दी।
इतिहास में राजा रावल रत्न सिंह, रानी और पद्मावती, सेना पति गौरा और बादल का नाम सुनहरे अक्षरों में लिखा गया है और चित्तौड़ की सेना वहाँ के आम नागरिक भी सम्मान के साथ याद किये जाते हैं जिनहोने अपनी जन्म भूमि की रक्षा के खातिर अपने प्राणों का बलिदान दिया।

We are grateful to Mr. Paresh Barai for sharing Rani Padmavati Histoy in Hindi.
Note: The Rani Padmavti Biography in Hindi is based upon Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s poem Padmavati written in the 15th century. However, many historians believe it to be a work of fiction.
Note: Padmavati is also an upcoming Indian movie directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. Deepika Padukone will be playing the role of Padmavati in this film. Although its story may not be same as mentioned in this article.

Glorified Terrorist muslim Kings of India 

Terrorist Aurangzeb was Curse on Humanity: Killer of 4.6 Million Hindus

 From krishnabhakt.com
Aurangzeb was a religious bigot, very cunning, cruel and wicked towards Hindus; true to the teachings of koran. He reversed in every respect some of the regime friendly policies of his predecessors which were based on Hindu texts.
After killing his own brothers who were bit moderate compared to aurangzeb and putting his father behind bars; barbaric aurangzeb took full control of regime and continued his fanatic way of leading a life of a terrorist muslim by forcibly converting Hindus into islam and killing those who wanted to follow Hinduism.
Why Talibans and terrorists of today revere aurangzeb can be known from the fact that he outlawed music and other performances in 1668. All artists were forbidden to sing, play musical instruments or to dance or paint or practice art. Anything that had to with moral plays, kathas even Ram Leelas were deemed illegal by fanatic aurangzeb.

1 Destructed Hindu Temples

2 Ruining Vedic Symbols for Islamization

3 Aurangzeb Followed Legacy of Terrorism Taught by his Cruel Muslim Ancestors and Islam

4 Terrorist Aurangzeb Conducted Brutal Killings of Brave Sikhs and Over 4.6 Million of Hindus

5 Raja Shambhaji (son of Shivaji) Killed on Aurungzeb’s Orders

6 The Image Below Shows Global Population Decline by Massacre – Flashbacking Hundreds of Years

7 Accounts of Temple Destruction by Historians of Aurangzeb

8 1. “Mir’at-i-Alam” by Bakhtawar Khan Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

9 2. “Alamgir-Nama” by Mirza Muhammad Kazim Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

10 3. “Mas’ir-i-‘Alamgiri” by Saqi Must’ad Khan Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

11 4. “Akhbarat” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

12 5. “Fathiyya-i-‘Ibriyya” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

13 6. “Kalimat-i-Tayyibat” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by ‘Inayatullah

14 7. “Ganj-i-Arshadi” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb

15 8. “Kalimat-i-Aurangzeb” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by ‘Inayatullah

16 9. “Muraq’at-i-Abu’I Hasan” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by Maulana Abu’l Hasan

17 10. “Futuhat-i-Alamgiri” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by Ishwardas Nagar

18 How a Hindu Ruler Followed Vedic Ritual Contrary to Cruel Islamic Belief

19 Surprise Me More:

Destructed Hindu Temples

In 1669, on hearing that certain Brahmins were giving religious lectures at Multan and Benares, he ordered ‘all governors of provinces to destroy with a willing hand the schools and temples of the Hindus. Inconsequence, the temple of Vishwanath at Benares was destroyed [Maasiri Alamgiri, which recorded numerous orders for and reports of destructions of temples. Its entry for 2 September 1669 details: “News came to court that in accordance with the Emperor’s command his officers had demolished the temple of Vishvanath at Banaras”]. Moreover, till today, the old Kashi Vishvanath temple wall is visible as a part of the walls of the Gyanvapi mosque which Aurangzeb had built at the site.
[Root Cause is Islam and 164 Terrorism Verses of Koran]
In 1672 a Hindu religious sect called the Satnamis rebelled, and was crushed with ruthless severity. In 1675, Tegh Bahadur, the ninth of the sikh gurus was taken and executed because he refused to embrace Islam.
The history of his islamic reign was over a period of nearly fifty years, spent mostly in hatred towards Hindus. Terrorist aurangzeb’s rule was gory saga of loot, r@pe, killing and genocide of Hindus.
Aurangzeb Rotting in Hell for killing Hindus and Demolishing Hindu Temples
In 1678, Raja Jaswant Singh of Marwar died. The emperor tried to seize his children and have them brought up as fanatic muslims. He adopted the same policy towards the young Maratha Prince Shahu. Finally in 1679 he induced heavy jizya or poll-tax to earn revenues from Hindus. His one track mind of hating Hindus but not administrating the regime properly paved the way for the British conquest of India.
Ruining Vedic Symbols for Islamization

Muntakhabu-l Lubab by Khafi Khan:

How much Aurangzeb Hated Hindus

1. “In the former reigns one side of the coins had been adorned with the words of the creed and the names of the first four Caliphs; but as the coins pass into many unworthy places, and may fall under feet of Hindus, it was ordered that this superscription should be changed.”
How Scientific calendar representing Vedic fire worshipping format was changed to less accurate Mohammedan calendar

2. “Since the reign of Emperor Akbar the official year of account and the years of the reign had been reckoned from the Ist Farwadi, when the sun enters Aries, to the end of Isfandiyar, and the year and the months were called Ilahi; but resembled the system of the fire worshippers, the Emperor in his zeal for upholding the Muhameddan rule, emphasis added) directed that the year of the reign should be reckoned by the Arab lunar year and months, and that the revenue accounts also the lunar year should be preferred to the solar. The festival of the solar new year was completely abolished.”
Aurangzeb Followed Legacy of Terrorism Taught by his Cruel Muslim Ancestors and Islam
Contemporary history leaves no doubt that Aurangzeb conducted the affairs of the State in accordance with the dictates of Islam. And for that matter Aurangzeb was not unique in destroying the temples of the Hindus and neither was it limited to India. A practice of demolishing or breaking idols started by founder of islam, Mohammed, has continued to this day. The recent manifestation being destruction of Buddha statues at Bamiyan in Afghanistan and demolition of hundreds of Hindu, non-muslim temples in pakistan, bangladesh and burma.
Hindus get united and aggressive so that no aurangzeb can rise again
Islamic literary sources provide far more extensive evidence of temple destruction by the Muslim invaders of India in medieval times. They also cover a large area, from Sinkiang and Transoxiana in the North to Tamil Nadu in the South, and from Siestan province of present day Iran in the West to Assam in the East. This vast area, which was long the cradle of hindu culture, came to be littered with the ruins of temples and monasteries, belonging to all schools of Santana Dharma – Baudhha, Jaina, Shaiva, Sakta, Vaishnava, and the rest. Archaeological explorations and excavations in modern times have proved unmistakably that most of the mosques, mazars, ziarats and dargahs which were built in this area, stood on the sites of and were made from the materials of deliberately demolished Hindu monuments.
Hundreds of medieval muslim historians who flourished in India and elsewhere in the world of Islam, have written detailed accounts of what their heroes did in various parts of the extensive Hindu homeland as they were invaded one after another. It is alear from the literary evidence collected alone that all Muslim rulers destroyed or desecrated Hindu temples whenever and wherever they could. Archaeological evidence from various Muslim monuments, particularly mosques and dargahs, not only confirms the literary evidence but also adds the names of some Muslim rulers whom Muslim historians have failed to credit with this pious performance.
Terrorist Aurangzeb Conducted Brutal Killings of Brave Sikhs and Over 4.6 Million of Hindus
Dyal Das, Mati Das and Sati Das as well as the Guru were brought to the open space in front of the Kotwali (Mati Das and Sati das were brothers, they were former Brahmins and belong to the area of Jammu, instead of converting to islam favored Sikhism). First of all Bhai Mati das was asked to become a Muslim. He replied that Sikhism was true and Islam was false. If God had favoured Islam, he would have created all men circumised. He was at once tied between two posts, and while standing erect, was sawn across from head to loins. He faced the savage operation with such compusure tranquility and fortitude that Sikh theologians included his name in the daily prayers (Ardas).
Bhai Mati Das Killed by aurangzeb
Dyal Das abused the Emperor and his courtiers at this atrocious act. He was tied up like a bundle with an iron chain and was put into large cauldron of bowling oil. He was roasted alive into a block of charcoal. Sati Das condemned the brutalities. He was hacked to pieces limb by limb. Jaita a Rangreta sikh of delhi collected the remains of these martyrs and consigned them to the river Yamuna flowing at a stone’s throw.
Dyal Das Killed by aurangzeb
Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh Killed by aurangzeb
Raja Shambhaji (son of Shivaji) Killed on Aurungzeb’s Orders
Succeeding his great father Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in April 1680, his elder son Shambhaji continued the fight against the Mughals most spiritedly for the preservation and also extension of Swarajya.
Unfortunately, a single but grave mistake and over confidence in his own safe and secure position at Sangameshwar, nestling amidst the Western Ghats, led to his chance capture along with Kavikalash and a number of other Marathas who were with him.
[Akabar Was Barbaric, Cruel and Anti-Hindu King]
On the 15th February 1689, Shambhaji and Kavi Kalash were brought to the Imperial camp dressed as buffons with long fool’s caps and bells placed on their heads, mounted on camels, with drums beating, with thousands of onlookers lining the roads. Aurangzeb was sitting in full darbar, and, at the sight of the prisoners, “descended from the throne and kneeling down on the carpet bowed his head to the ground in double thankfulness to the (anti-god) allah for this crowning victory”. Shambhaji spurned at the offer of life and loosened his tongue in abuse of the Emperor. That very night his eyes were blinded and next day the tongue of Kavi Kalash was cut out. The Muslim clerics decreed that Shambhaji should be put to death.
After undergoing a fortnight of torture and insult, on February,1689, the captives were put to a cruel and painful death on the 11th March, their limbs being hacked off one by one and their flesh thrown to the dogs. Their severed heads were stuffed with straw and exhibited in all the chief cities of the Deccan to the accompaniment of drum and trumpet (Maasir-i-‘Alamgiri, 320-25; Muntakhab-ul-Lubab, 386-88, Sarkar, Aurangzeb, IV, pp.340-44).
Sambhaji Killed by Terrorist Aurangzeb
In the painting, the entire sequence of events after Shambhaji’s arrival in the camp, his cruel death and barbaric manner in which his body was cut into pieces and fed to dogs of tulapur, have been brought out alive. The courageous manner in which Shambhaji braved death made him a martyr and washed of his earlier mistakes and actions in the eyes of the people.
The Image Below Shows Global Population Decline by Massacre – Flashbacking Hundreds of Years
Click on the image for an enlarged View
Hindus get united and aggressive so that no aurangzeb can rise again
The Image below is closeup snapshot of main image showing that Aurangzeb killed 4.6 millions of Hindus
4.6 millions of Hindus were killed by jihadi aurangzeb for koran and islam
Accounts of Temple Destruction by Historians of Aurangzeb
Some of the literary evidence of temple destruction during Aurangzeb’s rule is listed below.
1. “Mir’at-i-Alam” by Bakhtawar Khan Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
The author was a nobleman of Aurangzeb’s court. He died in AD 1684. the history ascribed to him was really compiled by Muhammad Baqa of Saharanpur who gave the name of his friend as its author. Baqa was a prolific writer who was invited by Bakhtawar Khan to Aurangzeb’s court and given a respectable rank. He died in AD 1683.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) General Order
” …Hindu writers have been entirely excluded from holding public offices, and ALL THE WORSHIPPING PLACES OF THE INFIDELS AND GREAT TEMPLES of these infamous people HAVE BEEN THROWN DOWN AND DESTROYED in a manner which excites astonishment at the successful completion of so difficult a task. His Majesty personally teaches the sacred kalima to many infidels with success. … All mosques in the empire are repaired at public expense…”
2. “Alamgir-Nama” by Mirza Muhammad Kazim Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
This work, written in AD 1688 contains a history of the first ten years of Aurangzeb’s reign.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) Palamau (Bihar)
” …In 1661 Aurangzeb in his zeal to uphold the law of Islam sent orders to his viceroy in Bihar, Daud Khan, to conquer Palamau. In the military operations that followed MANY TEMPLES WERE DESTROYED…”
Koch Bihar (Bengal)
” …Towards the end of the same year when Mir Jumla made a war on the Raja of Kuch Bihar, the MUGHALS DESTROYED MANY TEMPLES during the course of their operations. IDOLS WERE BROKEN AND SOME TEMPLES WERE CONVERTED INTO MOSQUES. …”
3. “Mas’ir-i-‘Alamgiri” by Saqi Must’ad Khan Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
The author completed this history in 1710 at the behest of Inayatu”llah Khan Kashmiri, Aurangzeb’s last secretary and favorite disciple in state policy and religiosity. The materials which Must’ad Khan used in this history of Aurangzeb’s reign came mostly from the State archives.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707) General Order
“…The Lord Cherisher of the faith learnt that in the provinces of Tatta, Multan, and especially at Benaras, the Brahmin misbelievers used to teach their false books in their established schools, and that admirers and students both Hindu and Muslim, used to come from great distances to these misguided men in order to acquire this vile learning. His majesty, eager to establish Islam, issues orders to the governors of all the provinces TO DEMOLISH THE SCHOOLS AND TEMPLES OF THE INFIDELS and with utmost urgency put down the teaching and the public practice of the religion of these misbelievers…”
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
” …It was reported that, according to the Emperor’s command, his officers HAD DEMOLISHED THE TEMPLE OF VISHWANATH AT KASHI. …” Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)
” … During this month of Ramzan abounding in miracles, the Emperor as the promoter of justice and overthrower of mischief, as the knower of truth and destroyer of oppression, as the zephyr of the garden of victory and the reviver of the faith of the Prophet, ISSUED ORDERS FOR THE DEMOLITION OF THE TEMPLE SITUATED IN MATHURA FAMOUS AS THE DEHRA OF KESHO RAI. In the short time by the great exertions of his officers the DESTRUCTION OF THIS STRONG FOUNDATION OF INFIDELITY WAS ACCOMPLISHED AND ON ITS SITE A LOFTY MOSQUE WAS BUILT at the expenditure of a large sum…”
” …Praised be the August God of the faith of Islam, that in the auspicious reign of this DESTROYER OF INFIDELITY AND TURBULENCE, such a wonderful and seemingly impossible work was successfully accomplished. On seeing this instance of strength of the Emperor’s faith and the grandeur of his devotion to God, the proud Rajas were stifled and in amazement they stood like images facing the wall. THE IDOLS, LARGE AND SMALL SET WITH COSTLY JEWELS WHIC HAD BEEN SET UP IN THE TEMPLE WERE BROUGHT TO AGRA AND BURIED UNDER THE STEPS OF THE MOSQUE OF BEGUM SAHIB, IN ORDER TO BE CONTINUALLY TRODDEN UPON. The name of Mathura was changed to Islamabad. …”
Khandela (Rajasthan)
” … Darab Khan who had been sent with a strong force to punish the Rajputs of Khandela and TO DEMOLISH THE GREAT TEMPLE OF THE PLACE, attacked on March 8th/Safar 5th, and slew the three hundred and odd men who made a bold defence, not one of them escaping alive. THE TEMPLES OF KHANDELA AND SANULA AND ALL OTHER TEMPLES IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD WERE DEMOLISHED …”
Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
” … On 24th Rabi S. (Sunday, May 25th), Khan Jahan Bahadur came from Jodhpur, AFTER DEMOLISHING THE TEMPLES and bringing with himself some cart-loads of idols, and had audience of the Emperor, who higly praised him and ordered that the idols, which were mostly jewelled, golden, silver, bronze, copper, or stone, should be cast in the yard (jilaukhanah) of the Court AND UNDER THE STEPS OF THE JAMA MOSQUE, TO BE TRODDEN UPON…”
Udaipur (Rajasthan)
” … Ruhullah Khan and Ekkataz Khan WENT TO DEMOLISH THE GREAT TEMPLE in front of the Rana’s palace, which was one of the rarest buildings of the age and the chief cause of the destruction of the life and property of the despised worshippers. Twenty ‘machator’ Rajputs who were sitting in the Temple vowed to give up their lives; first one of them came out to fight, killed some and was them himself slain, then came out another and so on, until every one of the twenty perished, after killing a large number of the imperialists including the trusted slave Ikhlas. The Temple was found empty. THE HEWERS BROKE THE IMAGES. …”
” …On Saturday, the 24th January, 1680 (2nd Muharram), the Emperor went to view lake Udaisagar, constructed by the Rana, AND ORDERED ALL THE THREE TEMPLES ON ITS BANKS TO BE DEMOLISHED. …”
” …On the 29th January/7th Muharram, Hasan Ali Khan brought to the Emperor twenty camel-loads of tents and other things captured from the Rana’s Palace and REPORTED THAT ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-TWO OTHER TEMPLES IN THE ENVIRONS OF UDAIPUR HAD BEEN DESTROYED. The Khan received the title of Bahadur Alamgirshahi…”
Amber (Rajasthan)
“… Abu Turab, who had been SENT TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLES of AMBER, returned to the Court on Tuesday August 10th (Rajab 24th), and reported that HE HAD PULLED DOWN SIXTY-SIX TEMPLES. …”
Bijapur (Karnataka)
” … Hamiduddin Khan Bahadur WHO HAD GONE TO DEMOLISH A TEMPLE AND BUILD A MOSQUE (IN ITS PLACE) in Bijapur, having excellently carried his orders, came to court and gained praise and the post of darogha of gusulkhanah, which brought him near the Emperor’s person…”
General Text
“…LARGE NUMBERS OF PLACES OF WORSHIP OF THE INFIDELS AND GREAT TEMPLES OF THESE WICKED PEOPLE HAVE BEEN THROWN DOWN AND DESOLATED. Men who can see only the outside of things are filled with wonder at the successful accomplishment of such a seemingly difficult task. AND ON THE SITES OF THE TEMPLES LOFTY MOSQUES HAVE BEEN BUILT…”
Cruel Muslims Killing Hindus, Sikhs under aurangzeb
4. “Akhbarat” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
These were reports from different provinces compiled in the reign of Aurangzeb.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (1658-1707)
Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)
” … The emporer learning that in the temple of Keshav Rai at Mathura there was a stone railing presented by Dara Shikoh, remarked, ‘In the Muslim faith it is a sin even to look at a temple, and this Dara Shikoh had restored a railing in a temple. This fact is not creditable to the Muhammadans. REMOVE THE RAILING.’ By his order Abdun Nabi Khan (the faujdar of Mathura) REMOVED IT…”
Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
[Why Hindus Should Never Trust Muslims]
” … News came from Malwa that Wazir Khan had sent Gada Beg, a slave, with 400 troopers, TO DESTROY ALL TEMPLES AROUND UJJAIN… A Rawat of the place resisted and slew Gada Beg with 121 of his men…”
Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
“…… The Emperor learnt from a secret news writer of Delhi that in Jaisinghpura Bairagis used to worship idols, and that the Censor on hearing of it had gone there, arrested Sri Krishna Bairagis and taken him with 15 idols away to his house; then the Rajputs had assembled, flocked to the Censor’s house, wounded three footmen of the Censor and tried to seize the Censor himself; so that the latter set the Bairagis free and sent the copper idols to the local subahdar …”
Pandharpur (Maharashtra)
“… The Emperor, summoning Muhammad Khalil and Khidmat Rai, the darogha of hatchet-men …. ORDERED THEM TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLE OF PANDHARPUR, and to take the butchers of the camp there AND SLAUGHTER COWS IN THE TEMPLE … It was done…”
On Way to the Deccan
” … When the war with the Rajputs was over, Aurangzeb decided to leave for the Deccan. His march seems to have been marked with A DESTRUCTION TO MANY TEMPLES on the way. On May 21, 1681, the superintendent of the labourers WAS ORDERED TO DESTROY ALL THE TEMPLES on the route…”
Lakheri ( ? – means the place is not traceable today )
” … On 27 Sept., 1681, the emperor issued orders FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLES at Lakheri…”
Rasulpur ( ? )
“… About this time, April 14, 1692, orders were issued to the provincial governor and the district faujdar TO DEMOLISH THE TEMPLES at Rasulpur…”
Sheogaon ( ? )
” … Sankar, a messenger, was sent TO DEMOLISH A TEMPLE near Sheogaon..”
Ajmer (Rajasthan)
“… Bijai Singh and several other Hindus were reported to be carrying on public worship of idols in a temple in the neighborhood of Ajmer. On 23 June, 1694, THE GOVERNER OF AJMER WAS ORDERED TO DESTROY THE TEMPLE and stop the public adoration of idol worship there…”
Wakenkhera ( ? )
Bhagwant Garh (Rajasthan)
“… The newswriter of Ranthambore REPORTED THE DESTRUCTION OF A TEMPLE IN PARGANAH BHAGWANT GARH. Gaj Singh Gor had repaired the temple and made some additions thereto…”
Malpura (Rajasthan)
” … Royal orders FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF TEMPLES IN MALPURA TODA were received and the officers were assigned for this work…”
remove road names on mughal rulers name no aurangzeb road
5. “Fathiyya-i-‘Ibriyya” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
This is a diary of Mir Jumla’s campaigns in Kuch Bihar and Assam. “By looting,” writes Jadunath Sarkar, “the temples of the South and hunting out buried treasures, Mir Jumla amassed a vast fortune. The huge Hindu idols of copper were brought away in large numbers to be melted and cast into cannon. …”
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)
Koch Bihar (Bengal)
” … Mir Jumla made his way into Kuch Bihar by an obscure and neglected highway. …. In six days the Mughal Army reached the capital (19th December) which had been deserted by the Rajah and his people in terror. The name of the town was changed to Alamgirnagar; the muslim call to prayer, so long forbidden in the city, was chanted from the lofty roof of the palace, and a mosque was built by DEMOLISHING THE PRINCIPLE TEMPLE…”
6. “Kalimat-i-Tayyibat” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by ‘Inayatullah
This is a collection of letters and orders of Aurangzeb compiled by ‘Inayatullah in AD 1719 and covers the years 1699-1704 of Aurangzeb’s reign.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)
Somnath (Gujarat)
“… The TEMPLE OF SOMNATH WAS DEMOLISHED early in my reign and idol worship (there) put down. It is not known what the state of things there is at present. If the idolators have again taken to the worship of images at the place, THEN DESTROY THE TEMPLE IN SUCH A WAY THAT NO TRACE OF THE BUILDING MAY BE LEFT, and also expel them (the worshippers) from the place. …”
Satara (Maharashtra)
“… The village of Sattara near Aurangabad was my hunting ground. Here on the top of the hill, STOOD A TEMPLE WITH AN IMAGE OF KHANDE RAI. BY GOD’S GRACE I DEMOLISHED IT, AND FORBADE THE TEMPLE DANCERS (muralis) to ply their shameful profession…”
General Observation “… THE DEMOLITION OF A TEMPLE IS POSSIBLE AT ANY TIME, as it cannot walk away from its place. …”
Sirhind (Punjab)
“… In a small village in the sarkar of Sirhind, A SIKH TEMPLE WAS DEMOLISHED AND CONVERTED INTO A MOSQUE. An imam was appointed who was subsequently killed. …”
7. “Ganj-i-Arshadi” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb
It is a contemporary account of the destruction of Hindu temples at Varanasi in the reign of Aurangzeb.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
“… The infidels demolished a mosque that was under construction and wounded the artisans. When the news reached Shah Yasin, he came to Banaras from Mandyawa and collecting the Muslim weavers, DEMOLISHED THE BIG TEMPLE. A Sayyid who was an artisan by profession agreed with one Abdul Rasul to build a mosque at Banaras and accordingly the foundation was laid. Near the place there was a temple and many houses belonging to it were in the occupation of the Rajputs. The infidels decided that the construction of a mosque in the locality was not proper and that it should be razed to the ground. At night the walls of the mosque were found demolished. next day the wall was rebuilt but it was again destroyed. This happened three or four times. At last the Sayyid his himself in the corner. With the advent of night the infidels came to achieve their nefarious purpose. When Abdul Rasul gave the alarm, the infidels began to fight and the Sayyid was wounded by the Rajputs. In the meantime, the Musalman residents of the neighborhood arrived at the spot and the infidels took to their heels. The wounded muslims were taken to Shah Yasin who determined to vindicate the cause of Islam. When he came to the mosque, people collected from the neighborhood. the civil officers were outwardly inclined to side with the saint, but in reality they were afraid of the Royal displeasure on the account of the Raja, who was a courtier of the Emperor and had built the temple (near which the mosque was under construction). Shah Yasin, however, took up the sword and started for Jihad. The civil officers sent him a message that such a grave step should not be taken without the Emperor’s permission. Shah Yasin, paying no heed, sallied forth till he reached Bazar Chau Khamba through a fusillade of stones …… THE DOORS (OF TEMPLES) WERE FORCED OPEN AND THE IDOLS THROWN DOWN. THE WEAVERS AND OTHER MUSALMANS DEMOLISHED ABOUT 500 TEMPLES. They desired to destroy the temple of Beni Madho, but as lanes were barricaded, they desisted from going further….”
Hindus get united and aggressive so that no aurangzeb can rise again
8. “Kalimat-i-Aurangzeb” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by ‘Inayatullah
This is another compilation of letters and orders by ‘Inayatu’llah covering the years 1703-06 of Aurangzeb’s reign.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707) Maharashtra
“…The houses of this country (Maharashtra) are exceedingly strong and built solely of stone and iron. The hatchet-men of the Govt. in the course of my marching do not get sufficient strength and power (i.e. time) TO DESTROY AND RAZE THE TEMPLES OF THE INFIDELS that meet the eye on the way. You should appoint an orthodox inspector (darogha) who may afterwards DESTROY THEM AT LEISURE AND DIG UP THEIR FOUNDATIONS…”
9. “Muraq’at-i-Abu’I Hasan” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by Maulana Abu’l Hasan
This is a collection of records and documents compiled by (the above named author) one of Aurangzeb’s officers in Bengal and Orissa during AD 1655-67.
[Modus Operandi of Muslims to Islamize a Country]
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)
Bengal and Orissa
“…Order issued on all faujdars of thanas, civil officers (mutasaddis), agents of jagirdars, kroris, and amlas from Katak to Medinipur on the frontier of Orissa :- The imperial paymaster Asad Khan has sent a letter written by order of the Emperor, to say, that the Emperor learning from the newsletters of the province of Orissa that at the village of Tilkuti in Medinipur a temple has been (newly) built, HAS ISSUED HIS AUGUST MANDATE FOR ITS DESTRUCTION, and THE DESTRUCTION OF ALL TEMPLES BUILT ANYWHERE IN THIS PROVINCE BY THE WORTHLESS INFIDELS. Therefore, you are commanded with extreme urgency that immediately on the receipt of this letter YOU SHOULD DESTROY THE ABOVE MENTIONED TEMPLES. EVERY IDOL-HOUSE BUILT DURING THE LAST 10 or 12 YEARS, WHETHER WITH BRICK OR CLAY, SHOULD BE DEMOLISHED WITHOUT DELAY. ALSO, DO NOT ALLOW THE CRUSHED HINDUS AND DESPICABLE INFIDELS TO REPAIR THEIR OLD TEMPLES. REPORTS OF THE DESTRUCTION OF TEMPLES SHOULD BE SENT TO THE COURT UNDER THE SEAL OF THE QAZIS and attested by PIOUS SHAIKHS…”
10. “Futuhat-i-Alamgiri” Account on Temple Destruction by Terrorist Aurangzeb by Ishwardas Nagar
The author was a Brahman from Gujarat, born around AD 1654. Till the age of thirty he was in the service of the Chief Qazi of the empire under Aurangzeb. Later on, he took up a post under Shujat Khan, the governor of Gujarat, who appointed him Amin in the pargana of Jodhpur. His history covers almost half a century of Aurangzeb’s reign, from 1657 to 1700. There is nothing in his style which may mark him out as a Hindu.
Muhiyu’d-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb ‘Alamgir Padshah Ghazi (AD 1658-1707)
Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)
” … When the imperial army was encamping at Mathura, a holy city of the Hindus, the state of affairs with regard to temples of Mathura was brought to the notice of His Majesty. Thus, HE ORDERED THE FAUJDAR OF THE CITY, ABDUL NABI KHAN, TO RAZE TO THE GROUND EVERY TEMPLE AND TO CONSTRUCT BIG MOSQUES (over their demolished sites)…”
Udaipur (Rajasthan)
“… The Emperor, within a short time, reached Udaipur AND DESTROYED THE GATE OF DEHBARI, THE PALACES OF RANA AND THE TEMPLES OF UDAIPUR. Apart from it, the trees of his gardens were also destroyed…”
islamic jihadis should be killed…aurangzebs are there in India
How a Hindu Ruler Followed Vedic Ritual Contrary to Cruel Islamic Belief
Secularism is farce in today’s world and has no meaning because no single country in this world follows it as it makes the country leader coward and less aggressive but Hindu rulers kept balance on aggression and secularism. Shivaji gave fitting reply to muslims but never harmed innocent citizens even mlecchas (muslims). He knew the fact that muslims can never be trusted because they follow koran which teaches them to hate Hindus and non-muslims.
Now compare this to the anecdotes written by Khafi Khan, the Mohammedan historian, who certainly was not biased in the favour of Great Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
‘He made it a rule that, wherever his followers went plundering, they should do no harm to mosques, the Book of God, or anyone’s women. Whenever a copy of the holy Koran cam into his hands, he treated it with respect, and gave it to some of his Mussulman followers. When the women of any Hindu or Mohammedan were taken prisoners by his men and they had no friend to protect them, he watched over them.’
Hindu Aggression
1. Ahmad, Qeyamuddin (ed.), “Patna through the Ages”, New Delhi, 1988.

2. “Alberuni’s India”, translated by E.C. Sachau, New Delhi Reprint, 1983.

3. Attar, Shykh Faridu’d-Din, “Tadhkirat al-Awliya”, translated into Urdu by Maulana Z.A. Usmani.

4. Bloch J., “Indian Studies”, London, 1931.

5. Chuvin, Pierre, “A Chronicle of the Last Pagans”, Harvard, 1990.

6. Durrant, Will, “The Story of Civilization”, New York, 1972.

7. Elliot and Dowson, “History of India as told by its own Historians”, 8 volumes, Allahbad Reprint, 1964.

8. “First Encyclopedia of Islam”

9. “Futuhat-i-Alamgiri” by Ishwardas Nagar, trans. into English by Tasneem Ahmad, Delhi, 1978.

10. Growse, F.S. “Mathura: A District Memoir”, Reprint, Ahmedabad, 1978.

11. Hosain, Saiyid Safdar, ” The Early History of Islam,” Vol. I, Delhi Reprint, 1985.

12. “Jami Tirmizi,” Arabic text with Urdu translation by Badi’al-Zaman, Vol. I, New Delhi, 1983.

13. “Kitab Futuh Al-Buldan” of Al-Biladhuri, translated into English by F.C. Murgotte, New York, 1924.

14. “Maasir-i-Alamgiri” of Saqi Must’ad Khan, translated into English and annotated by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, Calcutta, 1947.

15. “Makke Madine di Goshati”, edited by Dr. Kulwant Singh, Patiala, 1988.

16. “The Rehala of Ibn Battuta,” translated into English by Mahdi Hussain, Baroda, 1976.

17. Sarkar, Jadunath, “History of Aurangzeb,” 3 Volumes, Calcutta, 1972, 73.



 Seven horses of sun
Suraj ka saatvaan ghoda..Still remember this title from an obscure movie I had watched on Doordarshan as a kid. The movie went on to become a classic by Shyam Benegal and the phrase has always stayed in some corner of my mind.. What could it have meant, the ‘7th Horse of the Sun’?? For that matter, why have seven horses in the first place? In Hindu mythology, Surya travels through the sky on a seven-horse, twelve-spoked chariot, driven by Arun (the brother of Garud), with its arrival heralded by Usha, the goddess of Dawn. As the Sun begins its journey in the Northern Hemisphere (Uttarayan) again, lets try to decode the mysteries of Surya and his chariot in the current post.
Surya on his chariot

A lot of people might think that this motion of the Sun mentioned in the scriptures refers to…

View original post 1,953 more words


RAMAYANA & MAHABHARATA ARE NOT MYTHS BUT PART OF PAST HISTORY OF BHARAT:-Look at these Remarkable Evidences and Decide if you still want to call Ramayana and Mahabharata Mythology!
Whatever we call history will become myth someday in future, and whatever we call as myth “possibly” had a history at some point in the past. Harvard University is going to offer classes on Ramayana and Mahabharata in the upcoming fall semester with the course titled, “Indian Religions Through Their Narrative Literatures”.
“The Indian epics are long and complex narratives that speak to virtually every aspect of human experience. While the Mahabharata is a sobering tale of cataclysmic war and loss, the Ramayana is one of India’s great love stories”, says the course coordinator Anne E Monius. Yet, we are having very hard time in believing them.
Everybody is very vocal either in favor or against the historical accuracy of two of the greatest epics world has ever produced, Ramayana and Mahabharata. I don’t know to which category you belong to, but, I strongly believe both Ramayana and Mahabharata are not just figments of hyper-imaginative minds but an artful depiction of exceptional stories, with a little bit artistic freedom. It’s impossible to tell a story like Mahabharata with thousands of characters, without any history behind it. Whenever a poet tells a story, there will always be author’s liberty. He may exaggerate things or he may give importance to one character or he may ignore other. But it’s a pity that the nation, Ramayana and Mahabharat find its origin in, The Land of Ayodhya and Hastinapur, Mithila and Panchal, Kosal and Dwarka, Magadha and Anga and Kashi and Madra and Chitrakoot and Kishkindha and Kurkshetra call these two epics “Mythology”.
Here’s why I believe Mahabharata and Ramayana are Ancient Indian History and not Mythology and Westerners call them:
After modern humans were able to send satellites to the space to take the pictures of Earth from above, world came to know there is a bridge that connects India and Sri Lanka, which Ramayana referred as Rama Sethu.
Sundara Kanda states that Hanuman saw four tusked elephants guarding the palaces of Ravana, in fact, there did exist four tusked elephants in the past and modern scientists call them as ‘Gomphotheriidae’ (Yes, search for it in google). Every geographic reference that were made in Ramayana is very accurate and we can still identify the path Rama took to locate Sita after abduction. We are talking about the times of 3000 BC or earlier, it was near to impossible to travel across India extensively to make those references with such accuracy and to build temples along the path to enhance the credibility.
In 1975 the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed fourteen pillar bases of kasauti stone with Hindu motifs near the mosque at Ayodhya; reports of the excavations are available with the ASI. Emperor Ashoka was much closer to the period of Rama than we can ever be, and he erected a pillar in Lumbini to with inscription referring to visits of both Rama and Buddha to Lumbini. That means, he believed in Rama’s existence. Just because leftist historians rubbed off the archeology, history and traditions, history will not become mythology. Nobody believed Iliyad was true till troy was discovered after extensive archeology.
Ramayana explains thiti of Lord Rama’s birth time as, ‘Rama was born on the Navami tithi of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra masa (9th day of the increasing phase of the moon in the lunar month of Chaitra). At that time, the nakshatra was Punarvasu, and Sun, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Venus were in Aries, Capricorn, Libra, Cancer and Pisces respectively. Lagna was Cancer and Jupiter & Moon were shining together.’ According to planetarium software, birth date of Lord Rama is, 10 January 5114 BCE at 12.30 PM. Using the same software and planetary positions mentioned in Mahabharata, it has been established that Lord Krishna was born on 21st of July 3228 BCE. Those two dates cannot be some random number as we already know Rama precedes Krishna. And those detailed planetary positions can’t be imagined just to throw some date. Yes, there may be some disputes on the dates provided by planetarium software, but, dates provided by any software or any methods don’t differ by a century from the above mentioned dates. And, a century is minute when we are talking about millennials.
I don’t even know where to start to provide you with the historical evidences when it comes to Mahabharata, there are so many that one can write a book on itself. I will start with Dwaraka, kingdom of Lord Krishna, the ultimate strategist. Dwaraka was a ‘mythological’ kingdom till it was discovered under sea during 1983-1990. So, Dwaraka had been mythological city for thousands of years, while the actual city was sleeping under water for thousands of years as said by Mahabharata. Yes, in accordance with Mahabharata, Dwaraka city was drowned due to the great flood and we didn’t care to search underwater till 1983. It’s not just Dwaraka, more than 35 sites which were described in Mahabharata yielded some or other ancient items when archeologists did excavation. Indraprastha, Hastinapur and every other city that was mentioned in Mahabharata are real and exists till date. The Greek historian Megasthenes stated Chandragupta was the 138th king in the lineage of Lord Krishna.
And then, there is Kurukshetra, a battle of epic proportions. There is a divergence amongst the historians when it comes to dating the epics, however, the most agreed upon date for Kurukshetra is, 3102 BCE. Excavations in Kurukshetra which is now in Haryana yielded iron arrows and spearheads dated by thermoluminence test to 3100 BCE which is very closer to the dates arrived by the planetary positions described for Kurukshetra.
References to the Brahmastra, modern atomic bomb, was found in several occasions in both Ramayana and Mahabharata, particularly in Mahabharata. Mahabharata describes Brahmastra as, ‘An incandescent column of smoke and flame, as bright as ten thousand suns, rose with all its splendor. It was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death, which reduced to ashes the entire race of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas. The corpses were so burned as to be unrecognizable’. The present day excavations find that the stones in Kurukshetra were exposed to radioactive energy thousands of years ago.
We accept Maurya, Gupta and other ancient dynasties just because they found place in Greek history along with ours. What about our history that existed before Greeks? Won’t we believe our own history just because other part of the world doesn’t know how to read or write at that time? 400 years ago, we didn’t have any problem in believing Mahabharata and Ramayana actually happened. Two and half centuries of colonial rule, leftist ideology, and adulterated books have made us to question the accuracy of our own history.

lack of archaeological evidence is not an excuse to deny the existence of history. Ramayana and Mahabharata were not myths, they are ‘ithihas’, which have happened.
By bhaktvatshal kadami 

Instanbul Shem RocketShip

#Instanbul #Shem #RocketShip: Is this a replica (see photo) of an #ancient single-seat rocket-ship? That’s what it looks like to Zecharia Sitchin, the leading authority and scholar on the Ancient Astronaut theory. Hidden away in the Istanbul Archaeology Museum in Turkey for a quarter of a century, Sitchin recently convinced the Museum that this artifact may indeed be ancient, and not the modern forgery they concluded it must be, simply because our current view of our ancient history doesn’t include rocket-ships. In his article in Atlantis Rising Magazine, Issue 15, Sitchin describes this object as,”a sculpted scale model of what, to modern eyes, looks like a cone-nosed rocket-ship… Powered by a cluster of four exhaust engines in the back surrounding a larger exhaust engine, the rocket-ship has room for a sole pilot—actually shown and included in the sculpture.” He describes the pilot as sitting with legs folded toward his chest, and wearing a one-piece “ribbed pressure suit” which becomes boots at the feet, and gloves at the hands, and points out that since the pilot’s head is missing, we cannot know whether the pilot wore a helmet, goggles, or other headgear. The artifact measures 23 centimeters long, 9.5 cm high, 8 cm wide, or 5.7 inches long, 3.8 inches high, and 3.5 inches wide.Sitchin spent years tracking down the artifact, until he located it at the #Archaeology #Museum in #Istanbul. It was excavated at #Toprakkale, a city known in ancient times as Tuspa, where the kingdom of Urartu reigned briefly over 2500 years ago. The museum curators decided this small artifact must be a forgery because it differs from the era’s style, and more importantly, it looks like a space capsule. They reasoned that since there were no space capsules in ancient times, it must be a modern fake, a practical joke, made of plaster of Paris and marble powder.from “De Goden en de Broederschappen” However, during Sitchin’s visit to Istanbul and the Museum in September 1997, he met with the Director, Dr. Pasinli, who took the artifact from a drawer, and allowed Sitchin to examine and photograph it. It looked to Sitchin to be carved from a porous, volcanic ash stone, the details very precise. Dr. Pasinli asked Sitchin what he thought. It is not out of context, Sitchin told the Director and his colleagues, when you view various artifacts that also seem to represent an ancient, space faring civilization. In Sitchin’s “The Lost Realms,” you’ll find illustrations of artifacts that may represent bearded spacemen and rocket-ships from Mexico, and from Lebanon, what might be a rocket-ship on a landing platform. He advised the Museum directors to allow viewers to decide for themselves what it is, while stating their own doubt about the artifact’s authenticity.This was enough to convince the curators to finally put the object on public display. Be sure to have a look for yourself next time you are in Istanbul.These beings who rode in these spaceships where either the good gods who were with #Yahweh the creator, or the #serpent men that #rebelled against Yahweh.

Truth of Shahjaha and Taj Mahal in Hindi

”शाहजहाँ के हरम में ८००० रखैलें थीं जो उसे उसके पिता जहाँगीर से विरासत में मिली थी। उसने बाप की सम्पत्ति को और बढ़ाया। उसने हरम की महिलाओं की व्यापक छाँट की तथा बुढ़ियाओं को भगा कर और अन्य हिन्दू परिवारों से बलात लाकर हरम को बढ़ाता ही रहा।”

(अकबर दी ग्रेट मुगल : वी स्मिथ, पृष्ठ ३५९)

कहते हैं कि उन्हीं भगायी गयी महिलाओं से दिल्ली का रेडलाइट एरिया जी.बी. रोड गुलजार हुआ था और वहाँ इस धंधे की शुरूआत हुई थी।
जबरन अगवा की हुई हिन्दू महिलाओं की यौन-गुलामी और यौन व्यापार को शाहजहाँ प्रश्रय देता था, और अक्सर अपने मंत्रियों और सम्बन्धियों को पुरस्कार स्वरूप अनेकों हिन्दू महिलाओं को उपहार में दिया करता था।

यह नर पशु, यौनाचार के प्रति इतना आकर्षित और उत्साही था, कि हिन्दू महिलाओं का मीना बाजार लगाया करता था, यहाँ तक कि अपने महल में भी।

सुप्रसिद्ध यूरोपीय यात्री फ्रांकोइस बर्नियर ने इस विषय में टिप्पणी की थी कि, ”महल में बार-बार लगने वाले मीना बाजार, जहाँ अगवा कर लाई हुई सैकड़ों हिन्दू महिलाओं का, क्रय-विक्रय हुआ करता था, राज्य द्वारा बड़ी संख्या में नाचने वाली लड़कियों की व्यवस्था, और नपुसंक बनाये गये सैकड़ों लड़कों की हरमों में उपस्थिती, शाहजहाँ की अनंत वासना के समाधान के लिए ही थी।

(टे्रविल्स इन दी मुगल ऐम्पायर- फ्रान्कोइस बर्नियर :पुनः लिखित वी. स्मिथ, औक्सफोर्ड १९३४)
शाहजहाँ को प्रेम की मिसाल के रूप पेश किया जाता रहा है और किया भी क्यों न जाए ,८००० औरतों को अपने हरम में रखने वाला अगर किसी एक में ज्यादा रुचि दिखाए तो वो उसका प्यार ही कहा जाएगा।
आप यह जानकर हैरान हो जायेंगे कि मुमताज का नाम मुमताज महल था ही नहीं बल्कि उसका असली नाम “अर्जुमंद-बानो-बेगम” था।

और तो और जिस शाहजहाँ और मुमताज के प्यार की इतनी डींगे हांकी जाती है वो शाहजहाँ की ना तो पहली पत्नी थी ना ही आखिरी ।

मुमताज शाहजहाँ की सात बीबियों में चौथी थी । इसका मतलब है कि शाहजहाँ ने मुमताज से पहले 3 शादियाँ कर रखी थी और, मुमताज से शादी करने के बाद भी उसका मन नहीं भरा तथा उसके बाद भी उस ने 3 शादियाँ और की यहाँ तक कि मुमताज के मरने के एक हफ्ते के अन्दर ही उसकी बहन फरजाना से शादी कर ली थी। जिसे उसने रखैल बना कर रखा हुआ था जिससे शादी करने से पहले ही शाहजहाँ को एक बेटा भी था।

अगर शाहजहाँ को मुमताज से इतना ही प्यार था तो मुमताज से शादी के बाद भी शाहजहाँ ने 3 और शादियाँ क्यों की….?????

अब आप यह भी जान लो कि शाहजहाँ की सातों बीबियों में सबसे सुन्दर मुमताज नहीं बल्कि इशरत बानो थी जो कि उसकी पहली पत्नी थी। उस से भी घिनौना तथ्य यह है कि शाहजहाँ से शादी करते समय मुमताज कोई कुंवारी लड़की नहीं थी बल्कि वो शादीशुदा थी और, उसका पति शाहजहाँ की सेना में सूबेदार था जिसका नाम “शेर अफगान खान” था। शाहजहाँ ने शेर अफगान खान की हत्या कर मुमताज से शादी की थी।
गौर करने लायक बात यह भी है कि ३८ वर्षीय मुमताज की मौत कोई बीमारी या एक्सीडेंट से नहीं बल्कि चौदहवें बच्चे को जन्म देने के दौरान अत्यधिक कमजोरी के कारण हुई थी। यानी शाहजहाँ ने उसे बच्चे पैदा करने की मशीन ही नहीं बल्कि फैक्ट्री बनाकर मार डाला।
शाहजहाँ कामुकता के लिए इतना कुख्यात था, की कई

इतिहासकारों ने उसे उसकी अपनी सगी बेटी जहाँआरा के साथ स्वयं सम्भोग करने का दोषी कहा है।

शाहजहाँ और मुमताज महल की बड़ी बेटी जहाँआरा बिल्कुल अपनी माँ की तरह लगती थी। इसीलिए मुमताज की मृत्यु के बाद उसकी याद में लम्पट शाहजहाँ ने अपनी ही बेटी जहाँआरा को फंसाकर भोगना शुरू कर दिया था।

जहाँआरा को शाहजहाँ इतना प्यार करता था कि उसने उसका निकाह तक होने न दिया।

बाप-बेटी के इस प्यार को देखकर जब महल में चर्चा शुरू हुई, तो मुल्ला-मौलवियों की एक बैठक बुलाई गयी और उन्होंने इस पाप को जायज ठहराने के लिए एक हदीस का उद्धरण दिया और कहा कि – “माली को अपने द्वारा लगाये पेड़ का फल खाने का हक़ है”।

(Francois Bernier wrote, ” Shah Jahan used to have regular sex with his eldest daughter Jahan Ara.

To defend himself, Shah Jahan used to say that, it was the privilege of a planter to taste the fruit of the tree he had planted.”)
इतना ही नहीं जहाँआरा के किसी भी आशिक को वह उसके पास फटकने नहीं देता था।

कहा जाता है की एकबार जहाँआरा जब अपने एक आशिक के साथ इश्क लड़ा रही थी तो शाहजहाँ आ गया जिससे डरकर वह हरम के तंदूर में छिप गया, शाहजहाँ ने

तंदूर में आग लगवा दी और उसे जिन्दा जला दिया।

दरअसल अकबर ने यह नियम बना दिया था, की मुगलिया खानदान की बेटियों की शादी नहीं होगी। इतिहासकार इसके लिए कई कारण बताते हैं। इसका परिणाम यह होता था, की मुग़ल खानदान की लड़कियां अपने जिस्मानी भूख मिटाने के लिए अवैध तरीके से दरबारी, नौकर के साथ साथ, रिश्तेदार यहाँ तक की सगे सम्बन्धियों का भी सहारा लेती थी।, जहाँआरा अपने बाप शाहजहाँ के लिए लड़कियाँ भी फंसाकर लाती थी। जहाँआरा की मदद से शाहजहाँ ने मुमताज के भाई शाइस्ता खान की बीबी से कई बार बलात्कार किया था।
शाहजहाँ के राजज्योतिष की 13 वर्षीय ब्राह्मण लडकी को जहाँआरा ने अपने महल में बुलाकर धोखे से नशा करा बाप के हवाले कर दिया था जिससे शाहजहाँ ने 58 वें वर्ष में उस 13 बर्ष की ब्राह्मण कन्या से निकाह किया था। बाद में इसी ब्राहम्ण कन्या ने शाहजहाँ के कैद होने के बाद औरंगजेब से बचने और एक बार फिर से हवस की सामग्री बनने से खुद को बचाने के लिए अपने ही हाथों अपने चेहरे पर तेजाब डाल लिया था।
शाहजहाँ शेखी मारा करता था कि ‘ ‘वह तिमूर (तैमूरलंग)

का वंशज है जो भारत में तलवार और अग्नि लाया था।

उस उजबेकिस्तान के जंगली जानवर तिमूर से और उसकी हिन्दुओं के रक्तपात की उपलब्धि से इतना प्रभावित था कि ”उसने अपना नाम तिमूर द्वितीय रख लिया”

(दी लीगेसी ऑफ मुस्लिम रूल इन इण्डिया- डॉ. के.

एस. लाल, १९९२ पृष्ठ- १३२).
बहुत प्रारम्भिक अवस्था से ही शाहजहाँ ने काफिरों (हिन्दुओं) के प्रति युद्ध के लिए साहस व रुचि दिखाई थी।

अलग-अलग इतिहासकारों ने लिखा था कि, ”शहजादे के

रूप में ही शाहजहाँ ने फतेहपुर सीकरी पर अधिकार कर

लिया था और आगरा शहर में हिन्दुओं का भीषण नरसंहार किया था ।

भारत यात्रा पर आये देला वैले, इटली के एक धनी व्यक्ति के अुनसार –

शाहजहाँ की सेना ने भयानक बर्बरता का परिचय कराया था। हिन्दू नागरिकों को घोर यातनाओं द्वारा अपने संचित धन को दे देने के लिए विवश किया गया, और अनेकों उच्च कुल की कुलीन हिन्दू महिलाओं का शील भंग किया गया।”

(कीन्स हैण्ड बुक फौर विजिटर्स टू आगरा एण्ड इट्स

नेबरहुड, पृष्ठ २५)
हमारे वामपंथी इतिहासकारों ने शाहजहाँ को एक महान निर्माता के रूप में चित्रित किया है। किन्तु इस मुजाहिद ने अनेकों कला के प्रतीक सुन्दर हिन्दू मन्दिरों और अनेकों हिन्दू भवन निर्माण कला के केन्द्रों का बड़ी लगन और जोश से विध्वंस किया था।

अब्दुल हमीद ने अपने इतिहास अभिलेख, ‘बादशाहनामा’ में लिखा था-

‘महामहिम शहंशाह महोदय की सूचना में लाया गया कि हिन्दुओं के एक प्रमुख केन्द्र, बनारस में उनके अब्बा हुजूर के शासनकाल में अनेकों मन्दिरों के पुनः निर्माण का काम प्रारम्भ हुआ था और काफिर हिन्दू अब उन्हें पूर्ण कर देने के निकट आ पहुँचे हैं।

इस्लाम पंथ के रक्षक, शहंशाह ने आदेश दिया कि बनारस में और उनके सारे राज्य में अन्यत्र सभी स्थानों पर जिन मन्दिरों का निर्माण कार्य आरम्भ है,उन सभी का विध्वंस कर दिया जाए।

इलाहाबाद प्रदेश से सूचना प्राप्त हो गई कि जिला बनारस के छिहत्तर मन्दिरों का ध्वंस कर दिया गया था।”

(बादशाहनामा : अब्दुल हमीद लाहौरी, अनुवाद एलियट और डाउसन, खण्ड VII, पृष्ठ ३६)
हिन्दू मंदिरों को अपवित्र करने और उन्हें ध्वस्त करने

की प्रथा ने शाहजहाँ के काल में एक व्यवस्थित विकराल रूप धारण कर लिया था।

(मध्यकालीन भारत – हरीश्चंद्र वर्मा – पेज-१४१)
”कश्मीर से लौटते समय १६३२ में शाहजहाँ को बताया गया कि अनेकों मुस्लिम बनायी गयी महिलायें फिर से हिन्दू हो गईं हैं और उन्होंने हिन्दू परिवारों में शादी कर ली है।

शहंशाह के आदेश पर इन सभी हिन्दुओं को बन्दी बना लिया गया। प्रथम उन सभी पर इतना आर्थिक दण्ड थोपा गया कि उनमें से कोई भुगतान नहीं कर सका।

तब इस्लाम स्वीकार कर लेने और मृत्यु में से एक को चुन लेने का विकल्प दिया गया। जिन्होनें धर्मान्तरण स्वीकार नहीं किया, उन सभी पुरूषों का सर काट दिया गया। लगभग चार हजार पाँच सौं महिलाओं को बलात् मुसलमान बना लिया गया और उन्हें सिपहसालारों, अफसरों और शहंशाह के नजदीकी लोगों और रिश्तेदारों के हरम में भेज दिया गया।”

(हिस्ट्री एण्ड कल्चर ऑफ दी इण्डियन पीपुल : आर.

सी. मजूमदार, भारतीय विद्या भवन, पृष्ठ ३१२)
१६५७ में शाहजहाँ बीमार पड़ा और उसी के बेटे औरंगजेब ने उसे उसकी रखैल जहाँआरा के साथ आगरा के किले में बंद कर दिया । परन्तु औरंगजेब मे एक आदर्श बेटे का भी फर्ज निभाया और अपने बाप की कामुकता को समझते हुए उसे अपने साथ ४० रखैलें (शाही वेश्याएँ) रखने की इजाजत दे दी। और दिल्ली आकर उसने बाप के हजारों रखैलों में से कुछ गिनी चुनी औरतों को अपने हरम में डालकर बाकी सभी को उसने किले से बाहर निकाल दिया।

उन हजारों महिलाओं को भी दिल्ली के उसी हिस्से में पनाह मिली जिसे आज दिल्ली का रेड लाईट एरिया जीबी रोड कहा जाता है। जो उसके अब्बा शाहजहाँ की मेहरबानी से ही बसा और गुलजार हुआ था ।
शाहजहाँ की मृत्यु आगरे के किले में ही २२ जनवरी १६६६ ईस्वी में ७४ साल की उम्र में द हिस्ट्री चैनल के अनुसार अत्यधिक कमोत्तेजक दवाएँ खा लेने का कारण हुई थी। यानी जिन्दगी के आखिरी वक्त तक वो अय्याशी ही करता रहा था।

अब आप खुद ही सोचें कि क्यों ऐसे बदचलन और दुश्चरित्र इंसान को प्यार की निशानी समझा कर महान

बताया जाता है…… ?????

क्या ऐसा बदचलन इंसान कभी किसी से प्यार

कर सकता है….?????

क्या ऐसे वहशी और क्रूर व्यक्ति की अय्याशी की कसमें

खाकर लोग अपने प्यार को बे-इज्जत नही करते हैं ??

दरअसल ताजमहल और प्यार की कहानी इसीलिए गढ़ी गयी है कि लोगों को गुमराह किया जा सके और लोगों खास कर हिन्दुओं से छुपायी जा सके कि ताजमहल कोई प्यार की निशानी नहीं बल्कि महाराज जय सिंह द्वारा बनवाया गया भगवान् शिव का मंदिर “”तेजो महालय”” है जिसे तोड़कर उसके उपर ताजमहल का निर्माण किया गया।

और जिसे प्रमाणित करने के लिए डा० सुब्रहमण्यम स्वामी आज भी सुप्रीम कोर्ट में सत्य की लड़ाई लड़ रहे हैं।

असलियत में मुगल इस देश में धर्मान्तरण, लूट-खसोट और अय्याशी ही करते रहे परन्तु नेहरू के आदेश पर वामपंथी इतिहासकारों नें इन्हें जबरदस्ती महान बनाया। और ये सब हुआ झूठी धर्मनिरपेक्षता के नाम पर।

Tajmahal- original Hindu temple converted to Musoleum-Facts of distorted history

The Distorted History of Taj Mahal
By Dr Radhasyam Brahmachari
There is no doubt that Taj Mahal in Agra is the most beautiful architectural marvel in the entire world and hence it is called one of the great wonders of the world. But who is the author of this excellent exhibit of architecture? Opinions in this regard are highly contentious. The general notion is that, it is the creation of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. In previous articles, we have seen how the authorship of excellent pieces of architecture in Delhi, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri are being falsely attributed to the foreign Muslim invaders, who occupied and ruled India for nearly eight centuries. So, the question naturally arises – Is the claim of Shah Jahan’s authorship of Taj Mahal true? Or the said view is merely a part of the process of distortion of Indian history, to appease the Muslims? In this article, we shall try to find a plausible reply to these questions.
In this regard, the Encyclopedia Britannica states, “Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra, in western Uttar Pradesh state, in northern India, on the southern bank of the Yamuna (Jumna) River. …the Taj Mahal is distinguished as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. One of the most beautiful structural compositions in the world, the Taj Mahal was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtāz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”). The name Taj Mahal is a derivation of her name. She died in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612. The plans for the complex have been attributed to various architects of the period, though the chief architect was probably Ustad Ahmad Lahawrī, an Indian of Persian descent.” [1] 
The Wikipedia Encyclopedia maintains a similar view and says, “The Taj Mahal (pronounced /tɑdʒ məˈhɑl) is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal (also “the Taj”) is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was cited as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.” [2]
 In this context, we should mention what the India ’s historians have to say in this matter. Historian R C Majumdar, in this regard, writes, “The Taj Mahal, a splendid mausoleum built by Shah Jahan, at a cost of fifty lacs of rupees, over the grave of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, is rightly regarded as one of the wonders of the world for its beauty and magnificence.” [3] Another historian S K Saraswati writes, “But all the above architectural creations of Shah Jahan are thrown into shade by that superb conception of the mausoleum that the emperor raised up at Agra to enshrine the mortal remains of his beloved consort, Arjumand Banu Begam, better known as Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal, as it is called after the title of the empress, stands on an elevated ground on a bend of the river Jamuna so that it has a fine view from whatever angle it is seen.” [4]
As a result of this worldwide propaganda, Shahjahan’s authorship of Taj Mahal, mixed with story of romantic love between Shah Jahan and his wife, has become so pervasive that it has become a universal symbol of love between a husband and his wife. Even a common man, at first instance, refuses to admit any other version, even if it is more convincing and rational. Even the Nobel Laureate Poet Rabindranath Tagore, being swayed by the above story, described the Taj Mahal, in one of his poems, as a drop of tears of the grief-stricken Emperor Shahjahan.
The True History of Taj Mahal:
But according to Stephen Knapp, a well known researcher on Taj Mahal, it was not built by Shah Jahan and he writes, “There is ample evidence that the Taj Mahal was never built by Shah Jahan. Some say the Taj Mahal pre-dates Shah Jahan by several centuries and was originally built as a Hindu or Vedic temple/palace complex and Shah Jahan merely acquired it (by brute force) from its previous owner, the Hindu King Jai Singh.” [5] Not only Stephen Knapp but many other researchers like Yogesh Saxena, V S Godbole and Prushottam Nagesh Oak (or P N Oak) hold a similar view and P N Oak is the most prominent and pioneer among scholars who worked to discover the real author of Taj Mahal.
It is well known that Emperor Akbar got Akbarnama, a history of his reign, written by his court-chronicler Abul Fazl and in a similar manner, Shahjahan had the history of his reign titled Badshahnama written by his court-chronicler Abdul Hamid Lahori. The original Badshahnama was written in Persian using Arabic alphabets and in 1963, P N Oak made a startling discovery the the pages 402 and 403 of the edition of Badshahnama, published by the Asiatic Society of Bengal (see the fascimile of the page 402 and 403 of the edition in Figure-1), contain the true history of the building now known as Taj Mahal. An English translation of the contents from line 21 of page 402 to line 41 on page 403 of Badshahnama is given below.
Meanwhile, we should notice another important point. It is well known that the two British historians, H M Elliot and J Dowson, have done the great job of writing history of India, under Muslim rule, starting from the attack on Sindh by Mohammed bin Kasim in the 8th century to the fall of Marathas in the 19th century, a period, covering nearly 1200 years. It has been written, based on chronicles of the court chroniclers of the Muslim rulers only. The work of Elliot and Dowson’s was published in 8 volumes during 1867 to 1877 and the Volume 7 of their work deals with the reigns of Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. But it is really astonishing that there is not even a mentioning of Taj Mahal in the said work.
Many Muslim chroniclers have described the times of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb, e.g.
(1) Badshahnama by Abdul Hamid Lahori,
(2) Wakiyat Jahangiri by emperor Jahangir,
(3) Shahjahan-nama by Enayet Khan,
(4) Tarikh-i- Mufajjali by Mufajjal Khan,
(5) Mirat-i-Alam by Bakhtyar Khan,
(6) Alamgirnama by Muhammad Qazim and
(7) Mustakhab-ul-Lubab by Kafi Khan.
But in none of above works, there is even mentioning of Taj Mahal, except Badshahnama by Lahori and that too as a palace of Jai Singh
While commenting on this point, Dr Yogesh Saxena, writes, “The authors should have said, “Though we have presented history of Shahjahan based on his official chronicle Badshahnama, we did not find any reference to Taj Mahal in it.” They did no such thing. And Historians have kept even this information from us for the last 130 years.” [6] It was Professor P N Oak, who, for the first time, made the startling discovery that there is mentioning of the building now called Taj Mahal, but as a palace of the Hindu king Jai Singh, in Badshahnama.
There is another important point to note. There is a well established rumour that Shah Jahan engaged 20,000 labours who toiled for 20 (or 22) years to complete the construction of Taj Mahal, originates by the French traveler Jean Baptiste Tavernier. It is really unthinkable that, Shah Jahan completed such a gigantic job, spending so much money, employing so many people throughout so many years, but it escaped the attention of his sycophant chroniclers, and they did not even say a single word about the said job in their works. So, the logical conclusion is that, the said gigantic construction never took place during the reign of Shah Jahan and Badshahnama confirms this fact.
The original Badshahnama was written in Persian using Arabic alphabets and the pages 402 and 403 of the edition published by the Asiatic Society of Bengal (see the fascimile of the page 402 and 403 of Vol-I of the edition given above) contain the true history of the building now known as Taj Mahal. Professor Oak got the two pages translated into English by a scholar of Persian language and said trnslation of the contents from line 21 of page 402 to line 41 on page 403 of Vol-I of Badshahnama is given below.
“Friday, 15th Jamadiulawal, the sacred dead body of the traveller to the kingdom of holiness Hazrat Mumtazul Zamani, who was temporarily buried, was brought, accompanied by Prince Mohammad Shah, Suja bahadur, Wazir Khan and Satiunnesa Khanam, who knew the pemperament of the deceased intimately and was well versed in view of that Queen of the Queens used to hold, was brought to the capital Akbarabad (Agra) and an order was issued that very day coins be distributed among the beggers and fakirs. The site covered with a majestic garden, to the south of the great city (of Agra) and amidst which the building known as the palace of Raja Man Singh, at present owned by Raja Jai asingh, grandson of Man Singh, was selected for the burial of the Queen, whose abode is in heaven. Although Raja Jai Singh valued it greatly as his ancestral heritage and property, yet he agreed to part with it gratis for Emperor Shahjahan, still out of sheer scrupulousness and religious sanctity, he (Jai Singh) was granted Sharifabad in exchange of that grand palace (Ali Manzil). After the arrival of the deadbody in that great city (of Agra), next year that illustrious body of the Queen was laid to rest and the officials of the capital, according to royal order, hid the body of that pious lady from the eyes of the world and the palace so majestic (imarat-e-alishan) and capped with a dome (wa gumbaje) was turned into a sky-high lofty mausoleum”. [7]
Many historians try to convince that Shah Jahan purchased a piece of land from Raja Jai Singh and erected Taj Mahal on that land. But the lines 29 and 30 of page 403 of Vol-I of Badshahnama reads, “Pesh az ein Manzil-e-Rajah Mansingh bud wadari waqt ba Rajah Jaisingh (29) Nabirae taalluq dasht barae madfan e an bahisht muwattan bar guzeedand .. (30).” According to experts, the correct translation of the phrase “Manzil-e-Rajah Mansingh bud wadari waqt ba Rajah Jaisingh”is “.. the building known as the palace of Raja Man Singh, at present owned by Raja Jai asingh”. So, it is evident that it cannot be a transaction of land but of a magnificent palace. In line 37, further clarification has been made and said that it was a transaction of an imarat-e-alishan (i.e. a gigantic building) and not of land
In 1964, when Prof P N Oak started to disclose his doubts about Shah Jahan’s authorship of Taj Mahal and presented the document in Badshahnama as the proof, many of his opponents said that his translation of Badshahnama was not correct. One of his bitter critiques was a Kashmiri Pandit. He was also a scholar of Persian language. To narrate the incident Dr Yogesh Saxena writes, “One of his opponents was a Kashmiri Pandit. Eventually they went to Government of India Archives. At the suggestion of the Librarian there the Pandit started to read Badshahnama, soon he came to Volume I, page 403. One line read – va pesh azin manzil-e-Raja Mansingh bood, vadari vakt ba Raja Jaisingh. He confessed that Shah Jahan took over Raja Mansingh’s palace for burial of Mumtaz. We owe so much to this honest opponent of Mr Oak. He gave word by word translation of pages 402 and 403 to Mr Oak who promptly published it in his book Taj Mahal is a Hindu Palace (1968). However, Mr Oak never stated that the translation was his. It was done for him by a Persian expert.” [6]
The name of the Queen, in whose memory the Taj Mahal is being said to have been erected, was Arjumand Banu. She was married to Shahjahan in 1612 A.D. and within 18 years of her married life she gave birth to 14 children and in fact she died in 1630 (or in 1631) while she was delivering her 14th child. According to Badshahnama she was buried temporarily at Burhanpur and in the same year her body was brought from Burhanpur to Agra and the next year her body was permanently buried at the majestic palace of Raja Man Singh.. From the Badshahnama it becomes evident the edifice, now known as Taj Mahal, was not authored by Emperor Shahjahan.
Who was The Author of Building called Taj Mahal:
So, according to the narrations of Badshanama and from other evidence, it becomes clear that the edifice, now known as Taj Mahal, was not authored by emperor Shah Jahan. The question, therefore, naturally arises – Who built that magnificent building?
A locality, nearly 4 km away from Taj Mahal, is called Bateswar and in 1900 A.D., General Alexander Cuningham, the then Director of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), conducted an excavation at Bateswar and discovered an edict, now known as the Munj Bateswar Edict and kept at the Lucknow Museum. The epigraph contains 34 verses written in Sanskrit, out of which 25th, 26th and 34th verses are important in the present context. The original Sankrit text and English translation of the above verses are given below –
Prasādo vaiṣṇavastena nirnimitotavahan hari /
Murdhn āspriśati yo nityaṃ padamasaiva madhyamam // (25)
“He built a marble temple which is the abode of Lord Vishnu and the King bows down to touch His feet” (25).
Akāryacca sphatikāvadātamasāvidam mandiramindumauleḥ /
Na jātuyasminnibsnsadevah kailāsvasayacakara cetaḥ // (26)
“The King has built another marble temple which has been dedicated to the Lord Who has the moon as His ornament on His forehead and Who, getting such a beautiful abode, has forgotten to return to Kailash ” (26).
Pakṣa tryakṣamukhāditya saṃkhye vikramavatsare /
Aśvina śukla pañcmyāṃ bāsare vāsave śitu // (34)
“Today, the 5th day of the bright half in the month of Ashwin, the Sunday, in the year 1212 of the Vikram Samvat, the edict is being laid” (34).
Mr. D. J. Kale, a well known archaeologist, has mentioned the said Munj Bateswar Edict in his celebrated work Epigraphica India. On page 124 of the said work, Mr. Kale writes, “The sais Munj Bateswar Edict was laid by King Paramardidev of the Chandratreya dynasty on Sukla Panchami in the month of Ashwin, in the year 1212 Vikram Samvat (or A.D. 1156). … King Paramardidev built two magnificent temples with white marble , one for Lords Vishnu and the other for Lord Shiva and they were desecrated later on by the Muslim invaders. Perhaps a farsighted man took the edict to a safer place at Bateswar and buries it beneath the ground”.[8] Perhaps, after the said desecration, the temples were no longer used as religious places and due to this reason Abdul Hamid Lahori mentioned them as palaces, not as temples. According to the renowned historian Mr. R. C. Majumdar, the other name of the Chandratreya or Chandel King Paramardidev was Paramal and their kingdom was known as Bundelkhand, a.k.a.Jejakabhukti [9]
Today, there are two marble palaces in Agra, one is the Mausoleum of Idmat-ud-Daula, the father of Noorjahan and the other is Taj Mahal, and it is evident from the Munj Bateswar edict that, once upon a time, one of them was the temple of Lord Vishnu and the other was a temple of Lord Shiva. Experts believe that it is the temple of Lord Vishnu that has been made the mausoleum of Idmat-ud-Daula, and the temple of Lord Shiva has been converted into the mausoleum of the queen Arjumand Banu. There are so many evidence that support of this conclusion and we shall try to discuss them in future installments of this article.
 [1] http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/581007/Taj-Mahal
[2] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal)
[3] R. C. Majumdar, H. C. Raychaudhury and K. Datta, An Advanced History of India, MacMillan & Co (1980),586..
[4] R. C. Majumdar (Gen Ed), History & Culture of the Indian People (in 12 Volumes), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai (1996), VII, 793.
[5] Stephen Knapp,Taj Mahal: Was it a Vedic Temple ? The Photographic Evidence ( http://www.stephen-knapp.com/was_the_taj_mahal_a_vedic_temple.htm )
[6] Yogesh Saxena Taj Mahal – It is time to tell the truth, (http://agrasen.blogspot.com/2009/04/hidden- facts-in-indian-history.html )
[7] P N Oak, Tajmahal – The True Story, Published by A Ghosh, p 9-12.
[8] D J Kale, Epigraphica India , published by S D Kale & M D Kale, I, 270-274.
[9] R C Majumdar, ibid, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Vol-5, p-122


Taj Mahal – Time to Tell the Truth

By Dr. V. S. Godbole
There are many legends about the Taj Mahal. But one sentence is common in all of them. “For the construction, 20,000 men worked for 22 years.” This is well known throughout the world. The simple question is – where do these figures come from?
These figures come from a book called “Travels in India” by J B Tavernier, a French jewel merchant. He was a great adventurer who made six voyages to India in the days of Shivaji (1638 to 1668). Tavernier says, “I witnessed the commencement and completion of this monument (Taj Mahal) on which 20,000 men worked incessantly for 22 years.”
Tavernier’s book was first published in French in 1675. In those days, it was a great adventure for a single man to travel over such a long distance, face many difficulties, deal with peoples of many cultures and languages, adjust to their customs and traditions, and come home safely – that in itself was incredible. In addition Tavernier carried out a trade in precious stones like diamonds. He completed such voyages, not once but six times. His book was therefore a great sensation at that time. It was naturally translated into English and during 1677 to 1811; nine editions of the English translation were published, whereas during the same period twenty-two editions of the French book were printed.
In 1889, Dr. Ball translated the original French book into English, corrected some mistakes in earlier translation and provided extensive footnotes. He also studied Tavernier’s movements thoroughly and provided details of his six voyages. From this it is clear that Tavernier came to Agra only twice – in the winter of 1640-41 and in 1665. This raises another interesting question.
Historians say that Mumtaz, wife of Shahjahan died in 1631 and the construction of Taj Mahal started immediately. But if that is the case Tavernier could not have seen the commencement of Taj Mahal, as he came to Agra nearly 10 years later.
Aurangzeb had imprisoned his father Shahjahan in the Red Fort of Agra since 1658 and usurped power. No historian claims that Aurangzeb completed Taj Mahal. So, Tavernier could not have seen the completion of Taj Mahal either. And that being the case his statement that 20,000 men worked on it incessantly is meaningless.
Why have historians kept this truth from us for the last 117 years? The reason is simple. It strikes at the heart of the legend.
Badshahnama – What Does it Say?
British Historians have proclaimed that in India, Hindu Kings had no historical sense. Historical records were kept only by the Muslim rulers. Fair enough, then let us turn to the Badshahnama which was written during the reign of Shahjahan. The Asiatic Society of Bengal published the Persian text of Badshahnama in two parts, part I in 1867 and part II in 1868. The compilation was done by two Maulavis, under the superintendence of an English Major. The funny thing is that no one quotes Badshahnama to explain how the Taj Mahal was built. Why?
Elliot and Dowson, two English gentlemen undertook the formidable task of writing history of India from the attack on Sindh by Mohammed bin Kasim in the 8th century to the fall of Marathas in the 19th century. A period covering some 1200 years. But it was written, based on chronicles of Muslim rulers only. Elliot and Dowson’s work was published in 8 volumes during 1867 to 1877. Volume 7 deals with the reigns of Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. And yet in the entire volume we do not find the word ‘Taj Mahal.’ The authors should have said, “Though we have presented history of Shahjahan based on his official chronicle Badshahnama, we did not find any reference to Taj Mahal in it.” They did no such thing. And Historians have kept even this information from us for the last 130 years.
In 1896 Khan Bahaddur Syed Muhammad Latif wrote a book entitled “Agra Historical and Descriptive.” He refers to Badshahnama many times but does not quote specific page numbers. On page 105 he says, “The site selected for the mausoleum was originally a palace of Raja Mansingh but it was now the property of his grandson Raja Jaisingh.” Many authors have referred to Latif in their bibliography but have not cared to see what he has said. This truth was also hidden away from us by our Historians.
In 1905, H. R. Nevill, ICS, compiled Agra District Gazetteer. In it he changed the words “Raja Mansingh’s Palace” to “Raja Mansingh’s piece of land.” Ever since all historians have followed suit and repeated “Shahjahan purchased Raja Mansingh’s piece of land, at that time in the possession of his grandson Raja Jaisingh.” This deception has been going on for more than a century.
One may ask, “Why would an English officer be interested in playing such a mischief?” Well if we look at the events of those times the reason is clear cut.
Viceroy Lord Curzon separated some districts from Punjab to create a Muslim majority North West Frontier Province. Hindus became an insignificant minority in this province and that marked the beginning of their misfortune.
Curzon declared his intention to partition Bengal to create a Muslim majority province of East Bengal.
Curzon resigned but put into effect the partition of Bengal.
A Muslim delegation led by Agakhan called upon new Viceroy Lord Minto. Muslims pleaded that in any political reforms they should be treated separately and favourably. This move was obviously engineered by the British rulers.
December – Muslim League was started in Dacca.
In the Morley – Minto reforms, Muslims were granted separate electorates.
We should also remember that during 1873 and 1914, some English officers had translated into English the Persian texts of Babur-nama. Humayun-nama, Akbar-nama, Ain-e-Akbari and Tazuk – i – Jehangiri, but NOT Badshahnama. Judging from above events it is obvious why Mr Nevill played the mischief when compiling Agra District Gazetteer in 1905.
It is astonishing that though Maulavi Ahmad (History of Taj, 1905) and Sir Jadunath Sarkar (Anecdotes of Aurangzeb, 1912) repeat that Raja Mansingh’s piece of land was purchased by Shahjahan, they also provide a reference – Badshahnama.
Volume I page 403. Strange as it may sound, no one had bothered to see what is written on that page.
In 1964, Mr. P. N. Oak of New Delhi started having his doubts about Taj Mahal. He put forward an argument that it was originally a Hindu Palace. Oak had to cross swords with many historians. One of his opponents was a Kashmiri Pandit. Eventually they went to Government of India Archives. At the suggestion of the Librarian there the Pandit started to read Badshahnama, soon he came to Volume I page 403. One line read – “va pesh azin manzil-e-Raja Mansingh bood, vadari vakt ba Raja Jaisingh.” He confessed that Shahjahan took over Raja Mansingh’s palace for burial of Mumtaz. We owe so much to this honest opponent of Mr. Oak. He gave word by word translation of pages 402 and 403 to Mr. Oak who promptly published it in his book “Taj Mahal is a Hindu Palace” (1968). However, Mr. Oak never stated that the translation was NOT his. It was done for him by a Persian expert. That made life of his opponents easy. They said, “Mr Oak’s translation is wrong.”
I obtained Oak’s book in London in 1977. I made a study for one year. First of all I read all the references generally quoted by Historians and writers.That was made possible by my being in England. Mr. Oak did not have that facility. All the references led to the same conclusion that the Taj Mahal is a Hindu Palace and it was NOT built by Shahjahan. My booklet entitled – “Taj Mahal: Simple Analysis of a Great Deception” was published in 1986. In 1981, while going through some references, I started suspecting that the British knew the true nature of the Taj Mahal for a long time but had deliberately suppressed the truth. Eventually, my research was published in 10 parts in the Quarterly “Itihas Patrika” of Thane (India). I collected all the information available on Taj Mahal over the 200 year period from 1784 to 1984, and shown how the British suppressed vital pieces of evidence or twisted the truth. My research continued and was published in 1996 under the title – “Taj Mahal and the Great British Conspiracy.”
Taj Legend Exposed in England in 1980
Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a reputable Institution in London. In1980, in their monthly Journal, they published two letters challenging the validity of the usual Taj Legend. One was by Mr. Oak, the other by me. No one has refuted our arguments. Mr. Oak refers to Badshahnama, Volume I page 403. What have I disclosed in my letter?
What was Agra City like before Shahjahan came to power? That is the question dodged by all historians. In the 17th century, the Dutch like the English were trying to trade in India. They had a Factory (trading post) in Agra. Fransisco Pelsaert was their Senior Factor (Merchant) at Agra from 1620 to 1627. In 1626, he prepared a commercial report for his directors in Holland. By strange coincidence, he describes Agra City at that time. He says, “The city is narrow and long, because all the rich and influential people have built their palaces on the river bank and this stretches for 10 ½ miles. I will mention some of the well known ones. Starting from the North there is the palace of Bahadur Khan, Raja Bhoj, ……. Then comes the Red Fort. (Pelsaert then describes the Fort) beyond it is Nakhas – a great market, then follow the palaces of great Lords – Mirza Abdulla, Aga Naur …… Mahabat Khan, Late Raja Mansingh, Raja Madho Singh.”
English translation of this report was available since 1925. And yet no Historian refers to it. Why? The reason is simple. In 1626, Pelsaert has said that 10 ½ mile stretch of the river-bank was full of palaces, the late Raja Mansingh’s Palace being the last one. The Badshahnama says that Shahjahan took over this palace for burying his wife Mumtaz. Thus, what we call Taj Mahal today is nothing but Late Raja Mansingh’s Palace. That is the truth which Historians have kept away from us.
My efforts had one effect. In 1982, the Archaeological Survey of India published a booklet entitled “Taj Museum.” Though the authors repeat the usual legend, they say “Mumtaz died in Burhanpur and was buried there. Six months later Shahjahan exhumed her body and sent her coffin to Agra, on that site until then stood Late Raja Mansingh’s Palace……” 
Today that palace is called the Taj Mahal. Nothing could be simpler. What building work is needed for burying a corpse in a Palace?
Dr. V. S. Godbole, April 2007

14 Turnberry Walk Akshaya Tritiya


MK41, 8AZ



Picture 6: The full scale figure of the pinnacle on the dome has been inlaid on the red stone courtyard of the Taj Mahal. One may see it to the east at the foot of the riverside arch of the flanking building wrongly dubbed as Jamiat Khana (community hall) by Muslim usurpers. Such floor sketches in courtyards are a common Hindu trait. In Fatehpur Sikri it is the backgammon board which is sketched on a central courtyard. The coconut top and the bent mango leaves underneath, resting on a kalash (i.e. a water pot) is a sacred Hindu motif. Hindu shrines in the Himalayan foothills have identical pinnacles [especially noticed at Kedarnath, a prominent Shiva temple]. The eastern location of the sketch is also typically Hindu. The length measures almost 32 ft.

The Badshahnama
Here is a copy of one of the pages of the Badshahnama, the history of Shah Jahan, the so-called builder of the Taj Mahal. This is from the Government of India’s National Archives, and available from the institutional libraries dealing with the medieval history of India.
This is supposed to have been written by the emperor’s chronicler, the Mullah Abdul Hamid Lahori. It describes the site of the Taj Mahal as being full of majestic and lush gardens just south of the city (Agra). It goes on to say that the palace of Raja Mansingh, which was owned by his grandson Raja Jaisingh, was selected as the place for the burial of the queen Mumtaz. This means, of course, that Shah Jahan never built the Taj Mahal but only acquired it from the previous owner, who was Jaisingh.


Picture 5: A close up of the upper portion of the pinnacle of the Taj Mahal, photographed from the parapet beneath the dome. The Hindu horizontal crescent and the coconut top together look like a trident from the garden level. Islamic crescents are always oblique. Moreover they are almost always complete circles leaving a little opening for a star. This Hindu pinnacle had all these centuries been misinterpreted as an Islamic crescent and star or a lightning conductor installed by the British. The word “Allah” etched here by Shahjahan is absent in the courtyard replica. The coconut, the bent mango leaves under it and the supporting Kalash (water pot) are exclusive Hindu motifs.

The Letter of Aurangzeb
This is supposed to be a copy of the original letter from Aurangzeb himself written in 1652, complaining of the extensive repairs that are in need of being done on the Taj Mahal. He says that several rooms on the second storey, the secret rooms and tops of the seven storey ceilings have all absorbed water through seepage and are so old that they were all leaking, and the dome had developed a crack on the northern side. This was in spite of the fact that the rumor is that the Taj was finished being built in 1653. The logic of this is that Mumtaz was supposed to have died around 1631, and it is said that it took 22 years to build the Taj. However, in the letter herein Aurangzeb ordered immediate repairs at his expense while recommending to the emperor that more elaborate repairs such as the roof be opened up and redone with mortar, bricks and stone.
Aurangzeb’s letter is recorded in at least three chronicles titled ‘Aadaab-e-alamgiri ‘, ‘Yaadgaarnama ‘and the ‘ Muraaqqa-I-Akbarabadi ‘ (edited by Said Ahmad, Agra, 1931, page 43, footnotes 2).
In any case, if the Taj was a new building, there would no doubt not be any need for such extensive repairs.
Picture 4:

The dome of the Taj Mahal bearing a trident pinnacle made of a non-rusting eight-metal Hindu alloy. The pinnacle served as a lightning deflector too.
This pinnacle has been blindly assumed by many to be an Islamic crescent and star, or a lightning conductor installed by the British. This is a measure of the careless manner in which Indian history has been studied till now. Visually identifiable things like this pinnacle too have been misinterpreted with impunity. The flower top of the dome, below the pinnacle, is an unmistakable Hindu sign. A full scale figure of this pinnacle is inlaid in the eastern courtyard.
Picture 7: The apex of the lofty entrance arch on all four sides of the Taj Mahal bears this red lotus and white trident–indicating that the building originated as a Hindu temple. The Koranic lettering forming the middle strip was grafted after Shahjahan seized the building from Jaipur state’s Hindu ruler.

The Tejo Mahalaya inscription
Sanskrit inscription (known as the Bateshwar inscription) it is currently preserved in the Lucknow museum. It refers to the raising of a “Crystal white Shiva temple so alluring that Lord Shiva once enshrined in it decided never to return to Mount Kailas—his usual abode”. This inscription was found within a radius of about 36 miles from the Taj Mahal. The inscription is dated 1155 A.D. and was removed from the Taj Mahal garden at Shah Jahan’s orders. Historians and Archaeologists have blundered in terming the inscription the “Bateshwar inscription” when the record doesn’t say that it was found by Bateshwar. It ought, in fact, to be called “The Tejo Mahalaya inscription” because it was originally installed in the Taj garden before it was uprooted and cast away at Shah Jahan’s command. From this it is clear that the Taj Mahal was built at least 500 years before Shah Jahan.
European Visitor’s and pre-Shahjahan’s Accounts

Vincent Smith records in his book titled “Akbar the Great Moghul” that “Babur’s turbulent life came to an end in his garden palace in Agra in 1630”. That palace was none other than the Taj Mahal. Babur’s daughter Gulbadan Begum in her chronicle titled ‘Humayun Nama’ refers to the Taj as the Mystic House. Babur himself refers to the Taj in his memoirs as the palace captured by Ibrahim Lodi containing a central octagonal chamber and having pillars on the four sides. All these historical references allude to the Taj 100 years before Shahjahan.
Peter Mundy, an English visitor to Agra recorded in 1632 (within only a year of Mumtaz’s death) that ‘the places of note in and around Agra, included Taj-e-Mahal’s tomb, gardens and bazaars’.He, therefore, confirms that that the Tajmahal had been a noteworthy building even before Shahjahan.
De Laet, a Dutch official has listed Mansingh’s palace about a mile from Agra fort, as an outstanding building of pre-shahjahan’s time. Shahjahan’s court chronicle, the Badshahnama records, Mumtaz’s burial in the same Mansingh’s palace.
Bernier, a contemporary French visitor has noted that non muslim’s were barred entry into the basement (at the time when Shahjahan requisitioned Mansingh’s palace) which contained a dazzling light. Obviously, he reffered to the silver doors, gold railing, the gem studded lattice and strings of pearl hanging over Shiva’s idol. Shahjahan comandeered the building to grab all the wealth, making Mumtaz’s death a convineant pretext.
Johan Albert Mandelslo, who describes life in agra in 1638 (only 7 years after mumtaz’s death) in detail (in his ‘Voyages and Travels to West-Indies’, published by John Starkey and John Basset, London), makes no mention of the Tajmahal being under constuction though it is commonly erringly asserted or assumed that the Taj was being built from 1631 to 1653.
Fabrication of History

Probably there is none who has not been duped at least once in a life time. But can the whole world be duped? This may seem impossible. But in the matter of Indian history the world has been duped in many respects for hundreds of years and still continues to be duped.
The world famous Taj Mahal in Agra is a glaring instance. For all the time, money and energy that people the world over spend in visiting the Taj Mahal they are dished out a concoction. Contrary to what visitors are made to believe the Taj Mahal is not an Islamic mausoleum but an ancient Shiva temple known as Tejo Mahalaya which the 5th generation Mogul emperor Shah Jahan commandeered from the then Maharaja of Jaipur. Therefore the Taj Mahal must be viewed as a temple-palace complex and not as a tomb.
The famous historian Shri P.N. Oak has proven that Taj Mahal is actually Tejo Mahalaya — a shiv temple-palace. His work was published in 1965 in the book, Taj Mahal – The True Story. However, we have not heard much about it because it was banned by the corrupt and power crazed Congress government of Bharat who did not want to alienate their precious vote bank—the Muslims.
Stories of Shah Jahan’s exclusive infatuation for Mumtaz’s are concoctions. They have no basis in history nor has any book ever written on their fancied love affairs. Those stories have been invented as an afterthought to make Shah Jahan’s authorship of the Taj look plausible. Historical evidence indicates that the Taj Mahal was already ancient at the time of Shah Jahan. And the discussion upon the architecture leads to the conclusion that the general layout of the Taj Complex resembles a Shiva temple.
Presently an attempt is being made to celebrate the 350th anniversary of Taj Mahal as the present distorted Indian history bestows the credit of building the edifice to Emperor Shah Jahan and claims that he completed the task of building Taj Mahal in 16**. But according to the Munj Bateswar Edict, the age of the building is 848 years and hence the said effort of celebrating 350th anniversary of the 848 year old Taj Mahal would be totally nonsensical and extremely ridiculous. At the same time, the Muslims of this country are demanding to declare the same as a Wakf Property and hand the building over to them. So, before taking any decision regarding the building, it is highly necessary for the Central Government in Delhi to undertake elaborate archaeological and scientific tests to ascertain the true antiquity of Taj Mahal.
Hidden, locked and sealed chambers
The Taj is a seven storied building. Prince Aurangzeb also mentions this in his letter to Shahjahan. The marble edifice comprises four stories including the lone, tall circular hall inside the top, and the lone chamber in the basement. In between are two floors each containing 12 to 15 palatial rooms. Below the marble plinth reaching down to the river at the rear are two more stories in red stone. They may be seen from the river bank. The seventh storey must be below the ground (river) level since every ancient Hindu building had a subterranian storey.
Immediately bellow the marble plinth on the river flank are 22 rooms in red stone with their ventilators all walled up by Shahjahan. Those rooms, made uninhibitably by Shahjahan, are kept locked by Archealogy Department of India. The lay visitor is kept in the dark about them. Those 22 rooms still bear ancient Hindu paint on their walls and ceilings. On their side is a nearly 33 feet long corridor. There are two door frames one at either end ofthe corridor. But those doors are intriguingly sealed with brick and lime.
Apparently those doorways originally sealed by Shahjahan have been since unsealed and again walled up several times. In 1934 a resident of Delhi took a peep inside from an opening in the upper part of the doorway. To his dismay he saw huge hall inside. It contained many statues huddled around a central beheaded image of Lord Shiva. It could be that, in there, are Sanskrit inscriptions too. All the seven stories of the Tajmahal need to be unsealed and scoured to ascertain what evidence they may be hiding in the form of Hindu images, Sanskrit inscriptions, scriptures, coins and utensils.
Apart from Hindu images hidden in the sealed stories it is also learnt that Hindu images are also stored in the massive walls of the Taj. Between 1959 and 1962 when Mr. S.R. Rao was the Archealogical Superintendent in Agra, he happened to notice a deep and wide crack in the wall of the central octagonal chamber of the Taj. When a part of the wall was dismantled to study the crack out popped two or three marble images. The matter was hushed up and the images were reburied where they had been embedded at Shahjahan’s behest. Confirmation of this has been obtained from several sources. Its walls and sealed chambers still hide in Hindu idols that were consecrated in it before Shahjahan’s seizure of the Taj.
Picrure 8: This is a riverside view of the Taj Mahal. The four storied marble structure above has under it these two stories reaching down to the river level. The 22 rooms shown in other photos are behind that line of arches seen in the middle. Each arch is flanked by Hindu lotus discs in white marble. Just above the ground level is the plinth. In the left corner of the plinth is a doorway indicating inside the plinth are many rooms sealed by Shahjahan. One could step out to the river bank from the door at the left. The 7th storey is surmised to be under the plinth below the ground because every ancient Hindu mansion had a basement. Excavation to reach the basement chamber should start under this door.

Secret bricked door that hides more evidence in Taj Mahal
Many such doorways of chambers in secret stories underneath the Taj Mahal have been sealed with brick and lime. Concealed inside could be valuable evidence such as Sanskrit inscriptions, Hindu idols, the original Hindu model of the Taj, the desecrated Shiva Linga, Hindu scriptures and temple equipment. Besides such sealed chambers there are many which are kept locked by the Government. The Public must raise its voice to have these opened or it should institute legal proceedings. Shree P. N. Sharma of Green Park, New Delhi who peeped through an aperture in these chambers in 1934 A.D. saw a pillared hall with images carved on the pillars.

Secret walled door that leads to other rooms in Taj Mahal
One of the 22 riverside rooms in a secret storey of the Taj Mahal, unknown to the public. Shahjahan, far from building the shining marble Taj, wantonly disfigured it. Here he has crudely walled up a doorway. Such imperial Mogul vandalism lies hidden from the public. This room is in the red stone storey immediately below the marble platform. Indian history has been turned topsy turvy in lauding destroyers as great builders.

Huge ventilator sealed shut with bricks in Taj Mahal
A huge ventilator of one of the 22 rooms in a secret storey of the Taj, is seen here crudely sealed with unplastered bricks by Shahjahan. History has been so perverted and inverted that alien Muslims like Shahjahan who spoiled, damaged, desecrated and destroyed historic Hindu buildings, are being falsely paraded as great builders.

Vedic design on ceiling of a locked room in Taj Mahal
This esoteric Hindu design is painted on the ceiling of some of the 22 locked rooms in the secret storey below the marble platform of the Taj Mahal in Agra. Had Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal he would not have kept such elaborately painted rooms sealed and barred to the public. Even now one can enter these rooms only if one can influence the archaeology department to remove the locks.

Interior of another of the locked rooms in Taj Mahal
One of the 22 locked rooms in the secret storey beneath the marble platform of the Taj Mahal. Strips of ancient Hindu paint are seen on the wall flanking the doorway. The niches above had paintings of Hindu idols, obviously rubbed off by Muslim desecraters. The rooms may be seen door within door in a row. If the public knew that the Taj Mahal is a structure hiding hundreds of rooms, they would insist on seeing the whole of it. At present they only peep into the grave chamber and walk away.

300 foot long corridor inside apartments in Taj Mahal
On the inner flank of the 22 locked rooms (in the secret storey in red stone below the marble platform) is this corridor about 12 ft. broad and 300 ft. long. Note the scallop design at the base of the plinth supporting the arches. This is the Hindu decoration which enables one to identify even a bare plinth.

Staircase that leads to the lower levels in Taj Mahal
This staircase and another symmetrical one at the other end lead down to the storey beneath the marble platform. Visitors may go to the back of the marble plinth at the eastern or western end and descend down the staircase because it is open to the sky. But at the foot the archaeology department has set up an iron door which it keeps locked. Yet one may peep inside from the iron gate in the upper part of the door. Shahjahan had sealed even these two staircases. It was the British who opened them. But from Shahjahan’s time the stories below and above the marble ground floor have been barred to visitors. We are still following Mogul dictates though long free from Mogul rule.

The OM in the flowers on the walls in Taj Mahal
This is the Dhatura flower essential for Hindu Shiva worship. The flower is depicted in the shape of the sacred, esoteric Hindu incantation ‘OM.’ Embossed designs of this blooming ‘OM’ are drawn over the exterior of the octagonal central sanctorum of Shiva where now a fake grave in Mumtaz’s has been planted. While perambulating around the central chamber one may see such ‘OM’ designs.

A marble apartment on ground floor
Such are the magnificent marble-paved, shining, cool, white bright rooms of the Taj Mahal temple palace’s marble ground floor. Even the lower third portion of the walls is covered with magnificent marble mosaic. The doorway at the left looks suspiciously closed with a stone slab. One can perambulate through these rooms around the central octagonal sanctorum, now occupied by Mumtaz’s fake grave. The aperture, seen through of the central door, enabled perambulating devotees to keep their eyes fixed on the Shiva Linga in the central chamber. Hindu Shiva Lingas are consecrated in two chambers, one above the other. Therefore, Shahjahan had to raise two graves in the name of Mumtaz–one in the marble basement and the other on the ground floor to desecrate and hide both the Shiva emblems from public view. [The famous Shiva temple in Ujjain also has an underground chamber for one of its Shiva-lingams.]

Such are the rooms on the 1st floor of the marble structure of the Taj Mahal. The two staircases leading to this upper floor are kept locked and barred since Shahjahan’s time. The floor and the marble walls of such upper floor rooms can be seen in the picture to have been stripped of its marble panels. Shahjahan used that uprooted marble from the upper floor for constructing graves and engraving the Koran because he did not know wherefrom to procure marble matching the splendour of the rest of the Taj Mahal. He was also so stingy as not to want to spend much even on converting a robbed Hindu temple into an Islamic mausoleum.

This Naqqar Khana alias Music House in the Taj Mahal garden is an incongruity if the Taj Mahal were an Islamic tomb. Close by on the right is the building which Muslims claim to be a mosque. The proximity of a mosque to the Music House is incongruous with Muslim tradition. In India, Muslims have a tradition of pelting stones on Hindu music processions passing over a mosque. Moreover a mausoleum needs silence. A dead person’s repose is never to be disturbed. Who would then provide a band house for a dead Mumtaz? Contrarily Hindu temples and palaces have a music house because morning and evening Hindu chores begin to the sweet strains of sacred music.

Picture 9: These corridors at the approach of the Taj Mahal are typically Hindu. They may be seen in any ancient Hindu capital. Note the two octagonal tower cupolas at the right and left top. Only Hindus have special names for the eight directions and celestial guards assigned to each. Any octagonal feature in historic buildings should convince the visitor of their Hindu origin. Guards, palanquin bearers and other attendants resided in hundreds of rooms along numerous such corridors when the Taj Mahal was a Hindu temple palace. Thus the Taj was more magnificent and majestic before it was reduced to a sombre Islamic cemetery.

Picture 8: Most people content to see Mumtaz’s grave inside the Taj fail to go to the rear riverside. This is the riverside view. From here one may notice that the four-storied marble structure on top has below it two more stories in red stone. Note the window aperture in the arch at the left. That indicates that there are rooms inside. Inside the row of arches in the upper part of the wall are 22 rooms. In addition to the four stories in marble, this one shows red stone arches in the 5th storey. The 6th storey lies in the plinth in the lower portion of the photo. In another photo a doorway would be seen in the left corner of the plinth, indicating the presence of apartments inside, from where one could emerge on the river for a bath.

From Hinduism forgotten facts 

Pushpadanta – The author of the Shiva Mahima Stotra

Pushpadanta – The author of the Shiva Mahima Stotra
Long ago, there lived a gandharva by name Pushpadanta. Gandharvas were powerful magical beings, who could move in air and could even turn invisible to humans. Pushpadanta was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva and was a great scholar and a poet. Because of his singing skills, Pushpadanta was appointed as the divine musician in the court of Lord Indra, the King of the Devas.
As a devotee of Lord Shiva, Pushpadanta loved worshiping Lord Shiva with plenty of different flowers.
Once as Pushpadanta was traveling around the world, he arrived at the kingdom of King Chitraratha. Pushpadanta was struck with the beauty of the kingdom. Slowly as he watched the kingdom he was stunned, the kingdom was surrounded by the most beautiful gardens and the flowers there was lovely to look at. He went to the palace of Chitraratha and was amazed to find the flowers even more beautiful there. When Pushpadanta saw the garden, he was unable to stop himself. He plucked as many flowers as possible…Pushpadanta felt bad that he was stealing flowers, but he could not help himself when he saw the flowers.
King Chitraratha to whom the gardens belonged, was also a devotee of Lord Shiva. He had developed this garden to pluck the flowers and use them for worshiping Lord Shiva daily.
However that day when he came to the gardens to worship Lord Shiva, he stared blankly as he saw most of the flowers gone. King Chitraratha called his guards, ‘What…What happened to the flowers?’
The guards looked nervously at each other and then at the king, ‘Sir! We do not know…We did not take it…We were doing the rounds of the palace. When we came…’ The guard shook his head, ‘the flowers were missing, your majesty!’
King Chitraratha looked at the guards and realized that they were telling the truth. He frowned as he plucked the pitifully few flowers from the tree. He finished his prayers that day and the next day appointed more guards to guard his gardens…
However much to his surprise, he looked at the shame faced guards the next day and saw most of the flowers missing today too! King Chitraratha fumed. After his prayers, he thought for some time.
He looked at the gardens and saw around saw all the other trees. He angrily called his guards, ‘Guard! Get those leaves and bring them here…’ He said pointing at the bilpatra plants.
The guards gathered the leaves and brought them before the king. ‘Spread them around the trees having the flowers….This way…When anyone walks over them, the leaves will rustle…you live hear the noise and be able to catch the thief…’ The king barked.
The guards nodded and spread the leaves around the trees.
The next day, Pushpadanta came inside the garden by becoming invisible. As he was walking towards the trees, he unknowingly stepped on the bilpatra leaves….
Up in Kailash, Lord Shiva was disturbed from his meditation. The bilpatra leaves were used to worship Lord Shiva and they were his favourite leaves. Lord Shiva frowned as he realized that someone had stepped on the leaves…Lord Shiva closed his eyes and used the powers to find out who had stepped on the bilpatra leaves. He opened his eyes as he realized that it was Pushpadanta. If it was a human who had committed this error, I would have forgiven him…but a gandharva…they are supposed to beings from heavens….they are supposed to know all this…’ Lord Shiva was angry as he thought… That man does not deserve to be a gandharva…And he is stealing the flowers from another…He is doing all this because he is invisible…Fine! I will take away his powers of being invisible and his powers to fly…
Back on earth, Pushpadanta was going towards the trees, when the guards, who had the rustling of the leaves ran towards the sound to find a tall gandharva coming towards the trees and plucking the flowers without any fear! They attacked the gandharva.
Pushpadanta was so amazed that the humans could see him that he was not able to defend himself. The guards caught him and took him to their king. King Chitraratha put Pushpadanta in prison.
As Pushpadanta was in prison, Pushpadanta slowly realized why he had suddenly become visible…The bilpatra leaves…Pushpadanta knew that he was made Lord Shiva very angry….
Anxious to regain his powers, Pushpadanta composed a sloka in favour of Lord Shiva. The sloka was beautiful to listen to…When Lord Shiva heard the sloka he was so pleased and that readily forgave the gandharva. This sloka is called as the Mahimnastava. The sloka is full of beautiful thoughts and meanings.
After Lord Shiva forgave Pushpadanta, Pushpadanta got back his powers. Pushpadanta met the King Chitraratha and asked for the king’s forgiveness. He promised that he would never steal again. The king was also amazed that the sloka composed by Pushpadanta and readily forgave him.
However the story of Pushpadanta does not end there. After composing the sloka, Pushpadanta grew very proud…He thought that he had written a sloka which was admired even by Lord Shiva.
He felt proud and boasted to everyone about how great his slokas were….Lord Shiva heard about this and came and talked him. ‘Pushpadanta! Do you know my temples, always have a Nandi outside…Why don’t you just go and peak inside Nandi’s mouth?
Pushpadanta was wondering why the Lord was making such a weird request…He went and looked inside Nandi’s mouth. Pushpadanta was taken aback to find that the entire sloka that he had composed was engraved in tiny letters in the teeth inside Nandi’s mouth!
Flabbergasted he ran back to Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva smiled and explained to him, ‘You are not the author of anything, Pushpadanta…It is the Brahman, which flows through you….All of this was written long ago…You are an instrument of the sloka coming out…’
Pushpandanta realized that he had been wrong in being proud of his composition, when he could not call the sloka his own composition. Pushpadanta asked the forgiveness of Lord Shiva and went back home and wiser man!

From Hinduism forgotten facts. 

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